Abstract

Low-frequency fluctuations in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback are investigated when high-frequency modulation is applied to an injection current. Synchronization of the laser output power with the modulation within ±3 MHz centered at the frequency corresponding to the external cavity mode was observed. However, for modulation of the detuned frequency from the external cavity mode, low-frequency fluctuations were induced in the laser output power, and these fluctuations were observed within a range of modulation of approximately ±100 MHz at the center frequency of the external cavity mode.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

N. Kikuchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 56 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M-W. Pan, B.-P. Shi, and G. R. Gray, Opt. Lett. 22, 166 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

S. Sivaprakasam, R. Saha, P. A. Lakshmi, and R. Singh, Opt. Lett. 21, 411 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

B. Meziane, P. Besnard, and G. M. Stephan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 617 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. Sano, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2719 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. M. van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2837 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 373 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 81, 209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. Mørk, J. Mark, and B. Tromborg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1999 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2224 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Besnard, P.

B. Meziane, P. Besnard, and G. M. Stephan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 617 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 373 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2224 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, I.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Göbel, E. O.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 373 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2224 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gray, G. R.

Kikuchi, N.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 56 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lakshmi, P. A.

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. M. van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2837 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 81, 209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Levine, A. M.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 56 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mørk, J. Mark, and B. Tromborg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1999 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Meziane, B.

B. Meziane, P. Besnard, and G. M. Stephan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 617 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mørk, J. Mark, and B. Tromborg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1999 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsubo, J.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 56 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pan, M-W.

Sacher, J.

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 373 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2224 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saha, R.

Sano, T.

T. Sano, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2719 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, B.-P.

Singh, R.

Sivaprakasam, S.

Stephan, G. M.

B. Meziane, P. Besnard, and G. M. Stephan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 617 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tromborg, B.

J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mørk, J. Mark, and B. Tromborg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1999 (1990).
[CrossRef]

van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. M. van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2837 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Mørk, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 373 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Meziane, P. Besnard, and G. M. Stephan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 617 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Kikuchi, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 56 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Lenstra, Opt. Commun. 81, 209 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. H. M. van Tartwijk and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2837 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sano, Phys. Rev. A 50, 2719 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. Sacher, W. Elsässer, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2224 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Fischer, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, A. M. Levine, W. Elsässer, E. O. Göbel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mørk, J. Mark, and B. Tromborg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1999 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LD, laser diode; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; BS’s, beam splitters; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time series of the laser output power at I=1.17Ith. (a) Resonant waveform for a modulation frequency of 455  MHz. LFF’s are shown for modulation frequencies of (b) 430 and (c) 500  MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average of the LFF’s for the modulation frequency.

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