Abstract

Electrostriction-induced cross-phase modulation between subsequent bits of a nonreturn-to-zero pulse train in optical fibers leads to nonlinear frequency shifts of opposite sign for the 1’s and the 0’s. Direct experimental measurements of the electrostrictive and Kerr-induced nonlinear phase shift across the bit profiles agree well with the theoretical modeling.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992).
  2. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. L. Buckland and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 21, 1117 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. J. Hardman, P. D. Townsend, A. Poustie, and K. J. Blow, Opt. Lett. 21, 393 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. L. Buckland and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 22, 676 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson, and H. A. Haus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1159 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1997 (3)

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Buckland and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 22, 676 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fellegara, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 22, 1615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

1989 (2)

Amato, L.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Andreasen, S. B.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Artiglia, M.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Boffi, P.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Boyd, R. W.

Buckland, E. L.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Espunes, F. P.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fellegara, A.

A. Fellegara, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 22, 1615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Gordon, J. P.

Hardman, P. J.

Haus, H. A.

Kodama, Y.

Luchnikov, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Martinelli, M.

A. Fellegara, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 22, 1615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Melloni, A.

A. Fellegara, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, Opt. Lett. 22, 1615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

A. N. Pilipetskii and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 21, 119 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Poustie, A.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sacchetto, P.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Smith, K.

Starodumov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Stolen, R. H.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Townsend, P. D.

Wabnitz, S.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kodama and S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 20, 2291 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991); E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Other (2)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1992).

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electrostrictive-induced nonlinear phase shift. (a) Frequency dependence of the real (solid curve) and the imaginary (dashed curve) parts of the electrostrictive transfer function. (b) Pulse response function.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal evolution of the electrostrictive-induced nonlinear phase shift: dotted–dashed curves, Kerr-induced shift; solid curves, Kerr and electrostrictive shifts; filled circles, experimental results. Frequencies: (a) 473  MHz, (b) 460  MHz, (c) 280  MHz, (d) 275  MHz.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

iQz-k2Qtt+γQn2KerrQ2+-tn2strt-τQτ2dτ=0,
n2strΩ=n=1ÃBnCnΩ2-Ωn2-2iΓnΩ,
n2strt=n=1ÃBnCnsinhΓn2-Ωn2tΓn2-Ωn2×exp-Γntϑt,
n2strΩ=0=-n2strtdt,
Qt,0=Q0 exp-12tTw2m,

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