Abstract

An experimental acousto-optic tunable filter that has a narrow spectral bandwidth (0.2 nm at 1550 nm) and a fast 10µs tuning capability with a continuous tuning range of approximately 50 nm is described. The tunable filter consists of an acousto-optic beam deflector with a diffraction grating whose grating vector is transverse to the direction of light propagation.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. C. Chang, Proc. SPIE 90, 12 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.
  6. G. Griffel and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1115 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 136.
  9. Certain commercial equipment or components are identified in this Letter only to specify the experimental procedure adequately. Use of this equipment or components does not constitute an endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology or any other agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
  10. J. W. Carnahan and B. A. Pelz, “Acousto-optic spectral manipulator,” U. S. patent5,434,666 (July18, 1995).
  11. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 15, 273 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

1996 (1)

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

G. Griffel and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1989 (2)

K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

I. C. Chang, Proc. SPIE 90, 12 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baran, J. E.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

Brackett, C. A.

C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Carnahan, J. W.

J. W. Carnahan and B. A. Pelz, “Acousto-optic spectral manipulator,” U. S. patent5,434,666 (July18, 1995).

Chakravarthy, R. S.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, Proc. SPIE 90, 12 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. W.

K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Choy, M. M.

K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
[CrossRef]

d’Alessandro, A.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Doi, M.

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

Fritz, D. J.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 136.

Griffel, G.

G. Griffel and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heismann, F.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. M.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kobrinski, H.

K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M. A.

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

LeBlanc, H. P.

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

Li, K. D.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Martyak, M. J. R.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, T.

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

Pelz, B. A.

J. W. Carnahan and B. A. Pelz, “Acousto-optic spectral manipulator,” U. S. patent5,434,666 (July18, 1995).

Scherer, A.

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

Seino, M.

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

Smith, D. A.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Soole, J. B.

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

Storx, F.

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Takasu, Y.

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

Taniguchi, S.

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

Willner, A. E.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

Yariv, A.

G. Griffel and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X. Y.

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. C. Alferness, T. L. Koch, L. L. Buhl, F. Storx, F. Heismann, and M. J. R. Martyak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 2011 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Griffel and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1115 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. W. Cheung, M. M. Choy, and H. Kobrinski, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 38 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, Z. Bao, J. E. Baran, J. L. Jackel, A. d’Alessandro, D. J. Fritz, S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, S. M. Huang, A. E. Willner, and K. D. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1005 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

I. C. Chang, Proc. SPIE 90, 12 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

T. Nakazawa, M. Doi, S. Taniguchi, Y. Takasu, and M. Seino, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper PD1.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993), p. 136.

Certain commercial equipment or components are identified in this Letter only to specify the experimental procedure adequately. Use of this equipment or components does not constitute an endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology or any other agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

J. W. Carnahan and B. A. Pelz, “Acousto-optic spectral manipulator,” U. S. patent5,434,666 (July18, 1995).

J. B. Soole, A. Scherer, H. P. LeBlanc, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 123.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Acousto-optic wavelength-selective devices: (a) AOTF, (b) AOS, (c) the proposed TGA-AOTF. K=2πΛ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of a Fabry–Perot laser diode obtained from (a) a conventional AOS and (b) a TGA-AOTF. The TGA-AOTF clearly resolves the Fabry–Perot laser lines, which are separated by 1.2 nm and are beyond the resolution of commercially available AOTF’s.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scanning of a spectrum for various rf acoustic frequencies: (a) 40 MHz, (b) 45 MHz, and (c) 50 MHz.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δλ=λ/N, N=ΔnL0.8λ,
δλ=λ/N, N=L/Λ,
Δθ=Δλd+fΔλv+λΔfv,
ΔθΔλd+λΔfv.
δλ=λ/N, N=L/d,
ΔλT=λdΔf/v=λΔffdΛ.

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