Abstract

The persistent extinction of fluorescence emission of Eu3+ in glasses activated with europium and cerium is reported for the first time to the authors’ knowledge. The glass samples containing Eu3+ and Ce3+ were initially colorless and transparent and exhibited intense emission peaks at 592 and 612 nm assigned to the  5D07F1,2 transitions of Eu3+. The complete extinction of the Eu3+-ion emission was obtained as an effect of multipulse excimer-UV-laser λ=248 nm,τFWHM20 ns irradiation of the glass samples. Fluorescence microscopy, Mössbauer spectrometry, and electron spin resonance were applied for investigation of the modifications induced by the laser treatment. As a decisive proof of the extinction of fluorescence we succeeded in recording three-dimensional fluorescent photographic patterns within the activated samples.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Tomaschek, Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 148 (1939).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. Snitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).
  4. F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. S. Aitchison, in Principles and Applications of Nonlinear Optical Materials, R. W. Munn and C. N. Ironside, eds. (Chapman & Hall, London, 1993), p. 65.
  6. E. Pavel, “Fluorescent photosensitive glasses and a process for the production thereof,” Romanian patent113 137 B1 (January6, 1997).
  7. E. Pavel, “3-D optical memory with fluorescent photosensitive materials,” Romanian patent application C928 (May21, 1997).
  8. A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 35, 844 (1961).
  10. J. S. Stroud, Phys. Chem. Glasses 5, 71 (1964).
  11. J. H. Mackey and J. Nahum, Phys. Chem. Glasses 9, 52 (1968).
  12. V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).
  13. E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. W. Den Hartog and R. Nakata, J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. 52, 3110 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. R. Bauminger, G. M. Kalvius, and I. Nowik, in Mössbauer Isomer Shift, G. K. Kalvius and F. E. Wagner, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Chap. 10, p. 661.
  16. M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
    [Crossref]

1989 (1)

F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

1983 (1)

H. W. Den Hartog and R. Nakata, J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. 52, 3110 (1983).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

1968 (1)

J. H. Mackey and J. Nahum, Phys. Chem. Glasses 9, 52 (1968).

1965 (1)

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

J. S. Stroud, Phys. Chem. Glasses 5, 71 (1964).

1961 (2)

J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 35, 844 (1961).

E. Snitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444 (1961).
[Crossref]

1939 (1)

R. Tomaschek, Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 148 (1939).
[Crossref]

Aitchison, J. S.

J. S. Aitchison, in Principles and Applications of Nonlinear Optical Materials, R. W. Munn and C. N. Ironside, eds. (Chapman & Hall, London, 1993), p. 65.

Arbuzov, V. I.

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

Bauminger, E. R.

E. R. Bauminger, G. M. Kalvius, and I. Nowik, in Mössbauer Isomer Shift, G. K. Kalvius and F. E. Wagner, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Chap. 10, p. 661.

Behrens, E. G.

F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
[Crossref]

Bohem, L.

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

Den Hartog, H. W.

H. W. Den Hartog and R. Nakata, J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. 52, 3110 (1983).
[Crossref]

Durville, F. M.

F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
[Crossref]

Eibschultz, M.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Elerts, M. A.

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

Grodkiewicz, W. H.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Ish-Shalom, M.

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

Kalvius, G. M.

E. R. Bauminger, G. M. Kalvius, and I. Nowik, in Mössbauer Isomer Shift, G. K. Kalvius and F. E. Wagner, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Chap. 10, p. 661.

Mackey, J. H.

J. H. Mackey and J. Nahum, Phys. Chem. Glasses 9, 52 (1968).

Mulholland, M.

A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
[Crossref]

Murfy, D. W.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Nahum, J.

J. H. Mackey and J. Nahum, Phys. Chem. Glasses 9, 52 (1968).

Nakata, R.

H. W. Den Hartog and R. Nakata, J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. 52, 3110 (1983).
[Crossref]

Nowik, I.

E. R. Bauminger, G. M. Kalvius, and I. Nowik, in Mössbauer Isomer Shift, G. K. Kalvius and F. E. Wagner, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Chap. 10, p. 661.

Paul, A.

A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
[Crossref]

Pavel, E.

E. Pavel, “Fluorescent photosensitive glasses and a process for the production thereof,” Romanian patent113 137 B1 (January6, 1997).

E. Pavel, “3-D optical memory with fluorescent photosensitive materials,” Romanian patent application C928 (May21, 1997).

Powell, R. C.

F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
[Crossref]

Pressau, J. P.

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[Crossref]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444 (1961).
[Crossref]

Stroud, J. S.

J. S. Stroud, Phys. Chem. Glasses 5, 71 (1964).

J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 35, 844 (1961).

Sunshine, S.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Swarts, E. L.

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[Crossref]

Tolstoi, M. N.

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

Tomaschek, R.

R. Tomaschek, Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 148 (1939).
[Crossref]

Trokshis, I. S.

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

van Vitert, L. G.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Velapoldi, R. A.

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

Zahurak, S. M.

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Zaman, M. S.

A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
[Crossref]

Fiz. Khim. Stekla (1)

V. I. Arbuzov, M. N. Tolstoi, M. A. Elerts, and I. S. Trokshis, Fiz. Khim. Stekla 13, 581 (1987).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

E. L. Swarts and J. P. Pressau, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 48, 333 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. S. Stroud, J. Chem. Phys. 35, 844 (1961).

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

A. Paul, M. Mulholland, and M. S. Zaman, J. Mater. Sci. 11, 2082 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

R. Reisfeld, R. A. Velapoldi, L. Bohem, and M. Ish-Shalom, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 3981 (1971).

J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. (1)

H. W. Den Hartog and R. Nakata, J. Soc. Phys. Jpn. 52, 3110 (1983).
[Crossref]

Phys. Chem. Glasses (2)

J. S. Stroud, Phys. Chem. Glasses 5, 71 (1964).

J. H. Mackey and J. Nahum, Phys. Chem. Glasses 9, 52 (1968).

Phys. Rev. B (2)

F. M. Durville, E. G. Behrens, and R. C. Powell, Phys. Rev. B 34, 4213 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. Eibschultz, D. W. Murfy, S. Sunshine, L. G. van Vitert, S. M. Zahurak, and W. H. Grodkiewicz, Phys. Rev. B 35, 8714 (1978).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Snitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444 (1961).
[Crossref]

Trans. Faraday Soc. (1)

R. Tomaschek, Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 148 (1939).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

J. S. Aitchison, in Principles and Applications of Nonlinear Optical Materials, R. W. Munn and C. N. Ironside, eds. (Chapman & Hall, London, 1993), p. 65.

E. Pavel, “Fluorescent photosensitive glasses and a process for the production thereof,” Romanian patent113 137 B1 (January6, 1997).

E. Pavel, “3-D optical memory with fluorescent photosensitive materials,” Romanian patent application C928 (May21, 1997).

E. R. Bauminger, G. M. Kalvius, and I. Nowik, in Mössbauer Isomer Shift, G. K. Kalvius and F. E. Wagner, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1978), Chap. 10, p. 661.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Eu3+ emission intensity at 612 nm as a function of the number of applied UV-laser pulses. Inset, emission spectrum of Eu3+ in fluorescent photosensitive glass before UV-laser treatment λex=465 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation spectra of fluorescent photosensitive glass for the 420-nm emission (a) before and (b) after multipulse UV-laser irradiation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ESR spectra of nonirradiated and irradiated 50 Na2O44 P2O53 Eu2O33 CeO2 fluorescent photosensitive glass samples.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence image of a grid recorded into the depth of a fluorescent photosensitive glass at 600 µm beneath the surface of the glass sample.

Equations (1)

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In=A exp-n/N1n<5×103Bn+Cn>5×103.

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