Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the benefits of simultaneous compensation of spatial and temporal walk-off in frequency doubling of 800-nm 250-fs pulses, using three active and two compensating βBaB2O4 crystals. The compensating crystals reverse both birefringent and group-velocity walk-off, resulting in a factor-of-4.5 improvement in doubling efficiency relative to one of the active crystals while maintaining the short pulse duration and the symmetric spatial profile that are characteristic of the single crystal.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. V. Smith, D. J. Armstrong, and W. J. Alford, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 122 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Zhang and M. Yonemura, Appl. Opt. 37, 1647 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

1998 (4)

1997 (2)

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

Andreoni, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. J.

Bisson, S. E.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

Foggi, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacobson, A.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

Richman, B. A.

B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sidick, E.

Smith, A. V.

Solcia, C.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

Trebino, R.

B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

Yonemura, M.

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997); C. Radzewicz, Y. B. Band, G. W. Pearson, and J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 117, 295 (1995); A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995); T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, Opt. Lett. 22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C (Cambridge University, New York, 1992), pp. 547–549.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the crystal arrangement. The crystals labeled C are the inactive compensation segments. The others are the active crystal segments. Both temporal and spatial walk-off are opposite in the compensating and the active segments. The arrows indicate the direction that the e-polarized second-harmonic pulse shifts with respect to the o-polarized fundamental pulse in our experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Integrated FROG signal, IFτ for various arrangements of active and compensating crystals.

Equations (3)

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ρ=-1nθdnθdθ
σ=1v1-1v2,
IFτ=-IFROGω,τdω=-I2ωtIωt-τdt.

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