Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel frequency-stabilization scheme that provides linewidth narrowing and at the same time is compatible with high-speed frequency agility. The method relies on sensing and control of a heterodyne beat signal derived from a fiber interferometer and functions in the absence of a fixed reference frequency. Our demonstration utilizes a short-external-cavity diode laser equipped with an intracavity electro-optic crystal for frequency correction. The stabilization method is shown to suppress impressed laser frequency modulation by nearly 2 orders of magnitude. Without further modification of our scheme we also demonstrate laser frequency tuning control.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Lin, T. Wang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 91 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Hall, “Method and apparatus for laser control,” patent4,856,009 (August8, 1989).
  7. Y. T. Chen, Appl. Opt. 28, 2017 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Re. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Re. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

Y. T. Chen, Appl. Opt. 28, 2017 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cerez, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. T.

de Labachelerie, M.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Favre, F.

R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall, “Method and apparatus for laser control,” patent4,856,009 (August8, 1989).

Hamilton, M. W.

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Re. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kemssu, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Le Guen, D.

R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Mossberg, T. W.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, O.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ries, R.

R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wang, W.

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Re. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

M. W. Hamilton, Contemp. Phys. 30, 21 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Ohtsu, K. Nakagawa, M. Kourogi, and W. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 1 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. III France (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III France 2, 1557 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Ries, F. Favre, and D. Le Guen, Opt. Commun. 57, 269 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Re. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, Re. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. L. Hall, “Method and apparatus for laser control,” patent4,856,009 (August8, 1989).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the apparatus: PD, photodiode, AMP, amplifier. (b) Schematic of the short-external-cavity laser diode. EOC, electro-optic crystal; Θ in , grating incidence angle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Trace A, optical power versus frequency for the quiescent laser. Trace B, broadened power spectrum after introduction of FM noise by laser diode current modulation. Trace C, power spectrum of the stabilized laser. Insets, histograms of the linewidth measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser frequency tuning by control of Δ ν AOM . Circles, beat signal frequency versus time, solid line, Δ ν AOM versus time.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E S t = t exp - i 2 π t r t ν t d t × exp - i 2 π Δ ν AOM t - t r + η ,
E L t = α t - τ D exp - i 2 π t r t - τ D ν t d t .
I beat t 2 α t t - τ D × cos 2 π t - τ D t ν t d t + Δ ν AOM t + η .
V PLL t ν beat t - ν PLL = d dt t - τ D t ν t d t + Δ ν AOM - ν PLL = ν t - ν t - τ D + constant ,
ν beat t = 2 δ   sin π ν a τ D × cos 2 π ν a t - τ D / 2 + Δ ν AOM .
ν t - ν t - τ D ν PLL - Δ ν AOM .

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