Abstract

We propose a technique for measuring the nonlinear refractive index of fiber based on transmission-coefficient measurements in a fiber Sagnac interferometer. In contrast with traditional methods, the proposed method uses a single optical source operating in cw mode and direct intensity measurement, enabling one to avoid the errors caused by fiber dispersion and uncertainty of spectral peak difference measurements that occur with pulse-based methods. The nonlinear refractive index in 20-mol. % GeO2 fiber was measured to be 3.1±0.2×10-16 cm2 W-1 at 1064 nm.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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1998 (1)

1996 (6)

1995 (2)

T. Kato, Y. Suetsugu, M. Takagi, E. Sasaoka, and N. Nishimura, Opt. Lett. 20, 988 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, and B. Sordo, Electron. Lett. 31, 1012 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

K. S. Kim, R. H. Stolen, W. A. Reed, and K. W. Quoi, Opt. Lett. 19, 257 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nimihira, A. Miyata, and N. Tanahashi, Electron. Lett. 30, 1171 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. Prigent and J. P. Hamaide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1092 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran and D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

S. C. Rashleigh, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

Amato, L.

Artiglia, M.

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, and B. Sordo, Electron. Lett. 31, 1012 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

Barmenkov, Yu. O.

Bergano, N. S.

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Boffi, P.

Boskovic, A.

Boyd, R. W.

Buckland, E. L.

Capoti, R.

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

Chernikov, S. V.

Ciaramella, E.

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, and B. Sordo, Electron. Lett. 31, 1012 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cisternino, F.

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Di Giovanni, D. J.

Dianov, E. M.

Doran, N. J.

Evangelides, S. G.

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fellegara, A.

French, P. M. W.

Gabriel, M. C.

Gordon, J. P.

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Hamaide, J. P.

L. Prigent and J. P. Hamaide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1092 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kato, T.

Kim, K. S.

La Marie, R. E.

Levring, O. A.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Luchnikov, A. V.

Martinelli, M.

Martinez, A.

Melloni, A.

Menyuk, C. R.

P. K. Wai and C. R. Menyuk, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, and H. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 16, 1231 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyata, A.

Y. Nimihira, A. Miyata, and N. Tanahashi, Electron. Lett. 30, 1171 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L.

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Naddeo, C.

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nimihira, Y.

Y. Nimihira, A. Miyata, and N. Tanahashi, Electron. Lett. 30, 1171 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, N.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Poole, C. D.

Presby, H. M.

Prigent, L.

L. Prigent and J. P. Hamaide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1092 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Quoi, K. W.

Rashleigh, S. C.

S. C. Rashleigh, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Reed, W. A.

Roccato, D.

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sacchetto, P.

Sasaoka, E.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

Sordo, B.

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, and B. Sordo, Electron. Lett. 31, 1012 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Starodumov, A. N.

Stolen, R. H.

Suetsugu, Y.

Takagi, M.

Tanahashi, N.

Y. Nimihira, A. Miyata, and N. Tanahashi, Electron. Lett. 30, 1171 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Torres, I.

Wai, P. K.

P. K. Wai and C. R. Menyuk, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, and H. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 16, 1231 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whittaker, N. A.

Wood, D.

Zenteno, L. A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Nimihira, A. Miyata, and N. Tanahashi, Electron. Lett. 30, 1171 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Artiglia, E. Ciaramella, and B. Sordo, Electron. Lett. 31, 1012 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Prigent and J. P. Hamaide, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1092 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 312 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Evangelides, L. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, and N. S. Bergano, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Wai and C. R. Menyuk, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Artiglia, R. Capoti, F. Cisternino, C. Naddeo, and D. Roccato, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 75 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (12)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. MO, microscope objective; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus input power. Solid curve, quadratic fit of the experimental data; dashed curve, linear approximation of the first six experimental points at low input power.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pnl-Pl=Pin2αl-αl-cos ΔΦ,
ΔΦ=2πLeffn2λPinAeffγ1α-γ2l-α,
E+=Ex+Ey+, E-=Ex-Ey-,
σ1=100-1, σ2=0110, σ3=0-ii0,
-iE+z=kn2S0+E+-13S3+σ3E++43S0-E++23S1-σ1E++13S2-σ2E+-S3-σ3E+,
iE-z=kn2S0-E--13S3-σ3E-+43S0+E-+23S1+σ1E-+13S2+σ2E--S3+σ3E-,
S0=Ex2+Ey2,S1=Ex2-Ey2,S2=Ex*Ey+Ey*Ex,S3=-iEx*Ey-Ey*Ex,
Δβ=0.2k0e2Δ2,

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