Abstract

We report on a high-performance diode-laser spectrometer operating near 657  nm with narrow linewidth <0.6 kHz, enhanced power (as much as 40  mW), and low drift <10 Hz/s. The spectrometer comprised an extended-cavity diode-laser frequency stabilized to a high-finesse optical resonator and a broad-area antireflection coated laser diode as an amplifier with a single-lobe emission pattern of good spatial purity. The spectrometer was used to record time-domain optical Ramsey spectra of laser-cooled Ca atoms with a resolution of 0.6  kHz.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. For an overview see, e.g., P. Berman, ed., Atom Interferometry (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997).
  2. See, for example, J. Helmcke and S. Penselin, eds., Frequency Standards Based on Laser-Manipulated Atoms and Ions (PTB-Bericht, Braunschweig, Germany, 1996), Vol. PTB-Opt-51.
  3. J. L. Hall, M. Zhu, and P. Buch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2194 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Heupel, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 1719 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Knappe, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Opt. Lett. 20, 1988 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Recommendation adopted by the Comité International des Poids et Mesures at its 86th meeting (1997) to be published in Metrologia.
  15. R. Sydnor, ed., International Telecommunications Union, Handbook Selection and Use of Precise Frequency and Time Systems (Radiocommunications Bureau, Geneva, 1997).

1997 (2)

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Heupel, M. Weitz, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 22, 1719 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (3)

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

Buch, P.

Celikov, A.

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ellingsen, R.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. C.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, M. Zhu, and P. Buch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Helmcke, J.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heupel, T.

Hollberg, L.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, J.

T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ito, N.

T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kersten, P.

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kisters, Th.

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kurosu, T.

T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lipphardt, B.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schnatz, H.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surette, M. R.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tino, G. M.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vassiliev, V.

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V.

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weimer, C. W.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, M.

Zeiske, K.

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, M.

Zibrov, A. S.

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zinner, G.

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. S. Zibrov, R. W. Fox, R. Ellingsen, C. W. Weimer, V. L. Velichansky, G. M. Tino, and L. Hollberg, Appl. Phys. B 59, 327 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurosu, J. Ishikawa, and N. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 63, 265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Th. Kisters, K. Zeiske, F. Riehle, and J. Helmcke, Appl. Phys. B 59, 89 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. Vassiliev, V. Velichansky, P. Kersten, and F. Riehle, Electron. Lett. 33, 1222 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Celikov, F. Riehle, V. Velichansky, and J. Helmcke, Opt. Commun. 107, 54 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, and G. Zinner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 18 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

Recommendation adopted by the Comité International des Poids et Mesures at its 86th meeting (1997) to be published in Metrologia.

R. Sydnor, ed., International Telecommunications Union, Handbook Selection and Use of Precise Frequency and Time Systems (Radiocommunications Bureau, Geneva, 1997).

For an overview see, e.g., P. Berman, ed., Atom Interferometry (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997).

See, for example, J. Helmcke and S. Penselin, eds., Frequency Standards Based on Laser-Manipulated Atoms and Ions (PTB-Bericht, Braunschweig, Germany, 1996), Vol. PTB-Opt-51.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical schematic of the experimental setup: MO, master oscillator; OA, optical amplifier; O, collimating objective; ISO1, ISO2, 40-dB optical isolators; SM, spherical mirror; PD, photodiode; PBS’s, polarizing beam splitters; SMF, single-mode fiber delivering laser radiation to the magneto-optical trap. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Far-field distribution of the amplified output with (solid curves) and without (dotted curves) injected light from the master laser for amplifier currents of (a) 215  mA and (b) 250  mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beat note between the DLS and a dye-laser spectrometer when the master laser is locked to the high-Q cavity. Resolution bandwidth, 300  Hz; video bandwidth, 10  Hz; seep time, 10  s.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical Ramsey fringes taken with slow Ca atoms for resolutions of 960  Hz (filled squares) and 640  Hz (filled circles) corresponding to pulse separations of T=260 µs and T=390 µs and fits (solid curves) according to relation  (1).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Iνa1 cos4πν-νCa-Δ2T+a2 cos4πν-νCa+Δ2T.

Metrics