Abstract

The optimum condition for achieving highly efficient ultrafast all-optical pulse modulation by modification of the absorption of a pulsed interband light field by ultrasubband control-light pulses in a doped quantum well is investigated. The modulation efficiency in the femtosecond domain can be maximized by an intersubband control light with a pulse width (200  fs) that is comparable with the phase-relaxation time of the system and an intensity that is close to the intersubband saturation intensity.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Potz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3262 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. S. Lee and K. J. Malloy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 85 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 157 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 570 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the 58th Autumn Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Akita, Japan, 1997), Vol. 3, p. 1303.
  12. T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

1998

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 570 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Potz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3262 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lee and K. J. Malloy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

Abe, T.

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the 58th Autumn Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Akita, Japan, 1997), Vol. 3, p. 1303.

Blum, O.

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fonstad, C.

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, T. K.

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harshman, P. J.

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hirayama, Y.

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutchingson, A.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 570 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, P. L.

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J.

Kuda, M.

T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

Lee, D. S.

D. S. Lee and K. J. Malloy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M. S.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malloy, K. J.

D. S. Lee and K. J. Malloy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mozume, T.

T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 570 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

Noda, S.

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the 58th Autumn Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Akita, Japan, 1997), Vol. 3, p. 1303.

Nuss, M. C.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohya, M.

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L.

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Planken, P. C. M.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Potz, W.

W. Potz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3262 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, A.

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the 58th Autumn Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Akita, Japan, 1997), Vol. 3, p. 1303.

Sivco, D.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smet, J.

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 570 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Suzuki, T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, A. Hutchingson, S. Chu, and A. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 680 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Smet, L. Peng, Y. Hirayama, and C. Fonstad, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 986 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. S. Luo, S. L. Chuang, P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, H. G. Roskos, and M. C. Nuss, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lee and K. J. Malloy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Harshman, T. K. Gustafson, P. L. Kelley, and O. Blum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2297 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, M. Ohya, T. Sakamoto, and A. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1683 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Neogi, Y. Takahashi, and H. Kawaguchi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2060 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Asano, S. Noda, T. Abe, and A. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1285 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

W. Potz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3262 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Mozume, H. Yoshida, A. Neogi, and M. Kuda, in Proceedings of the Indium Phosphide Materials Related Conference 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), pp. 9–10.

T. Asano, S. Noda, and A. Sasaki, in Proceedings of the 58th Autumn Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics (Japan Society of Applied Physics, Akita, Japan, 1997), Vol. 3, p. 1303.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Modulation of 6-ps signal-light pulses by 1-ps control-light pulses with varying peak intensities. The effect of carrier concentration is illustrated.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modulation of 6-ps signal-light pulses by control-light pulses of various widths in highly doped QW’s. The effect of control-light intensity is illustrated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of maximum modulation depth of a 6-ps signal pulse with control-light intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of maximum modulation depth of a 6-ps signal pulse with control-light pulse width.

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