Abstract

We experimentally investigate the temporal evolution of the power of an external cavity semiconductor laser in the low-frequency fluctuation regime with subnanosecond resolution. We show, for the first time to our knowledge, that generally the laser power drops to a value significantly different from the solitary laser power. We demonstrate the analogy between the recovery of the laser intensity and the turn-on transient of a semiconductor laser.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. H. Henry and R. F. Kazarinov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 294 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Hohl, H. van der Linden, and R. Roy, Opt. Lett. 20, 2396 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M.-W. Pan, B.-P. Shi, and G. R. Gray, Opt. Lett. 22, 166 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. H. B. Thompson, Physics of Semiconductor Laser Devices (Wiley, New York, 1980).

1998 (1)

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M.-W. Pan, B.-P. Shi, and G. R. Gray, Opt. Lett. 22, 166 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Hohl, H. van der Linden, and R. Roy, Opt. Lett. 20, 2396 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

C. H. Henry and R. F. Kazarinov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 294 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J. H.

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerboneschi, E.

F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Christiansen, P. L.

J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Colet, P.

S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bruyn, B.

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Tomasi, F.

F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, W.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, I.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardner, J. R.

D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giudici, M.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gobel, E. O.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gray, G. R.

Green, C.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Green, C. K.

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, S.

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry and R. F. Kazarinov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 294 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hohl, A.

Huyet, G.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kazarinov, R. F.

C. H. Henry and R. F. Kazarinov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 294 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levine, A.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McInerney, J. G.

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miguel, M. S.

S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moerk, J.

J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nespolo, U.

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pan, M.-W.

Panish, M. B.

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

Shi, B.-P.

Sukow, D. W.

D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, G. H. B.

G. H. B. Thompson, Physics of Semiconductor Laser Devices (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Tredicce, J. R.

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tromborg, B.

J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van der Linden, H.

van Tartwijk, G.

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

G. Huyet, S. Hegarty, M. Giudici, B. de Bruyn, and J. G. McInerney, Europhys. Lett. 40, 619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

H. Temkin, N. A. Olsson, J. H. Abeles, R. A. Logan, and M. B. Panish, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 286 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry and R. F. Kazarinov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 294 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Moerk, B. Tromborg, and P. L. Christiansen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 123 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. de Tomasi, E. Cerboneschi, and E. Arimondo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2277 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, and D. Lenstra, IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Huyet, S. Balle, M. Giudici, C. Green, G. Giacomelli, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 127, 257 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. Balle, P. Colet, and M. S. Miguel, Phys. Rev. A 43, 498 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. W. Sukow, J. R. Gardner, and D. J. Gauthier, Phys. Rev. A 56, R3370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Giudici, C. K. Green, G. Giacomelli, U. Nespolo, and J. R. Tredicce, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Fischer, G. van Tartwijk, A. Levine, W. Elsaesser, E. O. Gobel, and D. Lenstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 220 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. H. B. Thompson, Physics of Semiconductor Laser Devices (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sampling scope trace of a power dropout with the laser biased below the solitary laser threshold. After the power dropout, the laser recovers with pulses separated by the external cavity round-trip time.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sampling scope trace of a power dropout with the laser biased above the solitary laser threshold. Horizontal line, solitary laser power. After the power dropout, the laser recovers with damped relaxation oscillations, which are reactivated at every round-trip time.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Light–current curves of the laser with feedback (asterisks), of the solitary laser (crosses), and of minimum power reached after dropout (diamonds).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Log of the recovery time versus log of the pumping parameter. Squares, points taken below the solitary laser threshold, in this case r=i/if-1, where if is the threshold current of the laser with feedback. Triangles, points taken above solitary laser threshold. In this case r=i/isol-1, where isol is the threshold current for the solitary laser.

Metrics