Abstract

A necessary condition to guarantee the existence of the principal state of polarization is experimentally examined. The P parameter, which is defined as the product of the differential group delay and the bandwidth of the principal state of polarization, is measured. The P parameter of long single-mode fibers is assessed. Average P values of 0.26 for dispersion-shifted fiber and 0.45 for conventional single-mode fiber were obtained. Combining these results with published results, one finds that P is not determined solely from the state of the polarization-mode coupling.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. D. Poole and R. W. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Kapron, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 433.
  3. S. Betti, F. Curti, B. Daino, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone, and F. Matera, Opt. Lett. 16, 467 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Bruyere, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. D. Poole and G. R. Giles, Opt. Lett. 13, 155 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Aso and H. Nakamura, Electron. Lett. 32, 578 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Cyr, M. Breton, and G. W. Schinn, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 445.
  10. D. Penninckx and F. Bruyere, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 340.
  11. C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. L. Heffner, Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, in Technical Digest of the Opto-Electrical Conference (Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, Makuhari, Japan, 1994), p. 238.
  14. O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1998 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 13, 687 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

1997

1996

F. Bruyere, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso and H. Nakamura, Electron. Lett. 32, 578 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Heffner, Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Betti, F. Curti, B. Daino, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone, and F. Matera, Opt. Lett. 16, 467 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and G. R. Giles, Opt. Lett. 13, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 13, 687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

C. D. Poole and R. W. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Aso, O.

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso and H. Nakamura, Electron. Lett. 32, 578 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, in Technical Digest of the Opto-Electrical Conference (Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, Makuhari, Japan, 1994), p. 238.

Bergano, N. S.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Betti, S.

Breton, M.

N. Cyr, M. Breton, and G. W. Schinn, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 445.

Bruyere, F.

F. Bruyere, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Penninckx and F. Bruyere, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 340.

Curti, F.

Cyr, N.

N. Cyr, M. Breton, and G. W. Schinn, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 445.

Daino, B.

De Marchis, G.

Giles, G. R.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heffner, B. L.

B. L. Heffner, Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, E.

Kapron, F.

F. Kapron, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 433.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Matera, F.

Nakamura, H.

O. Aso and H. Nakamura, Electron. Lett. 32, 578 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ogoshi, H.

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, in Technical Digest of the Opto-Electrical Conference (Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, Makuhari, Japan, 1994), p. 238.

Ohshima, I.

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, in Technical Digest of the Opto-Electrical Conference (Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, Makuhari, Japan, 1994), p. 238.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pellaux, J. P.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Penninckx, D.

D. Penninckx and F. Bruyere, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 340.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, Opt. Lett. 13, 687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and G. R. Giles, Opt. Lett. 13, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and R. W. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

N. Cyr, M. Breton, and G. W. Schinn, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 445.

Schulte, H. J.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Von der Weid, J. P.

N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. E.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, R. W.

C. D. Poole and R. W. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

O. Aso and H. Nakamura, Electron. Lett. 32, 578 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and R. W. Wagner, Electron. Lett. 22, 1029 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schulte, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1185 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, J. P. Von der Weid, and J. P. Pellaux, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 821 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Commun.

N. Gisin and J. P. Pellaux, Opt. Commun. 89, 316 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

F. Bruyere, Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 269 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. L. Heffner, Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other

O. Aso, I. Ohshima, and H. Ogoshi, in Technical Digest of the Opto-Electrical Conference (Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineers, Makuhari, Japan, 1994), p. 238.

F. Kapron, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 433.

N. Cyr, M. Breton, and G. W. Schinn, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference Proceedings (Pacific Bell and Bellcore, San Diego, Calif., 1997), Vol. 2, p. 445.

D. Penninckx and F. Bruyere, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 340.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup for measurement of the bandwidths of the PSP’s and the DGD of the SMF’s by Jones matrix eigenanalysis. LD, laser diode; PC, personal computer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the global and local measurements used for determination of the bandwidth of the PSP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results from global and local estimates of a 30-km DSF. Filled circles, average DGD values from ten global measurements. Error bars, standard deviations σ of the ten global measurements. Open circles, average DGD values after ten local measurements. From the results, the bandwidth of the PSP’s is estimated to be 6.0±1.0 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relation between the DGD and P with respect to fiber length. All the parameters are measured at center wavelength λ0=1550 nm. Open circles, measured DGD values; solid curve, fitting curve obtained from the square-root distance law. Filled circles, P values; dashed line, fitting curve P=0.26.

Equations (1)

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Δτ-110i=110Δτiσ,

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