Abstract

Continuously tunable 6.8–20.1-µm mid-infrared radiation has been achieved by the use of frequency generation in CdGeAs2. The signal and the idler output of an Er-laser-pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric generator was used as the pump. The maximum external conversion efficiency reached 20%.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 176–344.
  4. H. Kildal and J. C. Mikkelsen, Opt. Commun. 10, 306 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method of growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).
  6. P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, J. Cryst. Growth 174, 272 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. G. Schunemann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 230.
  8. K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1723 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. C. Bhar, Appl. Opt. 15, 305 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. P. Barnes, NASA Langley Research Center, MS 474, Hampton, Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).
  12. G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Kato, Second Research Center, Japan Defence Agency, Ikejiri 1-2-24, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication 1997).
  14. D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (3)

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, J. Cryst. Growth 174, 272 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1976 (1)

1974 (1)

H. Kildal and J. C. Mikkelsen, Opt. Commun. 10, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, NASA Langley Research Center, MS 474, Hampton, Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).

Bhar, G. C.

Borshchevsky, A. S.

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Buehler, E.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chazapis, V.

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 176–344.

Feigelson, R. S.

R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D. W.

D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goryunova, N. A.

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 176–344.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, Second Research Center, Japan Defence Agency, Ikejiri 1-2-24, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication 1997).

Kesamanly, F. P.

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Kildal, H.

H. Kildal and J. C. Mikkelsen, Opt. Commun. 10, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
[CrossRef]

McCrae, J. E.

D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, J. C.

H. Kildal and J. C. Mikkelsen, Opt. Commun. 10, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nasledov, D. N.

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 176–344.

Ohmer, M. C.

D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, J. Cryst. Growth 174, 272 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method of growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, J. Cryst. Growth 174, 272 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method of growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

P. G. Schunemann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 230.

Storz, F. G.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1723 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wernick, J. H.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Byer, H. Kildal, and R. S. Feigelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 237 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, F. G. Storz, and J. H. Wernick, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 419 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. W. Fischer, M. C. Ohmer, and J. E. McCrae, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 3579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, J. Cryst. Growth 174, 272 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kildal and J. C. Mikkelsen, Opt. Commun. 10, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

A. S. Borshchevsky, N. A. Goryunova, F. P. Kesamanly, and D. N. Nasledov, Phys. Status Solidi 21, 9 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

K. Kato, Second Research Center, Japan Defence Agency, Ikejiri 1-2-24, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan (personal communication 1997).

N. P. Barnes, NASA Langley Research Center, MS 474, Hampton, Va. 23681 (personal communication, 1998).

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Method of growing crystals,” U.S. patent5,611,856 (March18, 1997).

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 176–344.

P. G. Schunemann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 230.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for DFG in a CdGeAs2 crystal; MCT, mecury cadmium telluride.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured transmission spectrum of an uncoated, 5.8-mm-long CdGeAs2 crystal. Dashed curve, Fresnel reflection loss.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFG angular tuning curve for CdGeAs2. Theoretical curves 1, 2, 3 calculated with the data of Bhar,10 Barnes,11 and Kato,13 respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

DFG conversion efficiency as a function of wavelength. The dashed curve is merely a guide for the eye.

Equations (4)

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ω3-ω2=ω1  ω3>ω2>ω1,
n02=10.1064+2.2998λ2/λ2-1.0872+1.6247λ2/λ2-1370,ne2=11.8018+1.2152λ2/λ2-2.6971+1.6922λ2/λ2-1370;
n02=10.30717+2.10383λ2/λ2-1.15936+6.42384λ2/λ2-4918.44,ne2=11.57427+1.43495λ2/λ2-2.42986+6.16592λ2/λ2-4918.44;
n02=12.4008+2.1603/λ2-2.0617-0.00133λ2,ne2=13.0079+3.2613/λ2-2.8382-0.00125λ2.

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