Abstract

We report wavelength conversion within the 1.5µm telecommunications band based on difference-frequency generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides with integrated coupling structures. A conversion efficiency of -7 dB and a normalized efficiency of 260%/W are demonstrated. Static tests show that the conversion bandwidth is 72 nm and the conversion efficiency is constant over the 20-dB range of input powers tested.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.
  5. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.
  7. R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), p. 85.
  8. M. H. Chou, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 794 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Arbore, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper JTuE2.
  10. M. L. Bortz and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (4)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 794 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Antoniades, X. N.

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

M. H. Chou, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 794 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Arbore, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper JTuE2.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bala, K.

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brackett, C. A.

C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), p. 85.

Caneau, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 794 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Arbore, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper JTuE2.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Ellinas, G.

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eyres, L. A.

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 21, 794 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 16, 1844 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Arbore, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper JTuE2.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.

Field, S. J.

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawahara, M.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.

Miller, G. D.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nam, W. D.

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Serkland, D.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.

Waarts, R. G.

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. Q.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Bortz, L. A. Eyres, and M. M. Fejer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2012 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. L. Bortz, S. J. Field, M. M. Fejer, W. D. Nam, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2953 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. A. Brackett, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 948 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. N. Antoniades, K. Bala, S. J. B. Yoo, and G. Ellinas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 10 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Proc. SPIE 2700, 34 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

M. A. Arbore, M. H. Chou, and M. M. Fejer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper JTuE2.

M. L. Bortz, D. Serkland, M. M. Fejer, and S. J. B. Yoo, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CTHD6.

R. L. Byer, in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1997), p. 85.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CMF3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the integrated waveguide structure. A mode filter and an adiabatic taper, both implemented with periodically segmented waveguides, couple the pump into the fundamental mode of a waveguide. A directional coupler routes the signal into the single-mode wavelength-conversion region.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical spectrum on a log scale of a signal at 1539 nm and its converted output, which has been shifted 58 nm to 1597 nm. The central peak at 1568 nm is the second-order spectrometer response to the pump wavelength of 784 nm. The conversion efficiency for the output pump power of 67 mW is -7 dB, corresponding to a normalized efficiency of 260%/W.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative conversion efficiency as a function of input signal wavelength: filled circles, measured results; solid curve, a fit based on measured SHG results; dashed curve, the theoretical calculation for an ideal 30-mm-long device.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Eout*=iEs sinhΓEp,
Pout/Ps=sinh2ηnormPp2ηnormPp for ηnormPp<1,
η=10 logsinh2ηnormPp1/210 logηnormPp for ηnormPp<1.
Δη10 log1+ηnormPs.

Metrics