Abstract

We report on our systematic investigation of strong Doppler-free two-photon absorption in the middle infrared. The absorption frequencies for two counterpropagating waves of identical frequencies are predicted. Five of these transitions were observed with sub-Doppler resolution with a sideband CO2 laser and were measured with 10-kHz accuracy. Knowledge of these strong two-photon absorptions frequencies will allow the improvement of secondary frequency standards in the infrared.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. F. Linskens, “Laser controlled dynamics of molecular process,” Ph. dissertation (University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1994); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, B. Sartakov, and J. Reuss, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 180, 207 (1996); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, J. Reuss, and B. Sartakov, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1273 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).
  5. C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. O. Acef, “Amélioration et comparaison d’etalons de préquences optiques:?développment d’un spectrometre ètrès haute résolution autor de 28 THz et application à la spectroscopie SF6,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris Sud, Paris, 1989).
  10. See, for example, V. S. Letokhov and V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977); J. E. Bjorkholm and P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 14, 751 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Pfister, F. Guernet, G. Charton, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Herlemont, and J. Legrand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1521 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Chardonnet, Université Paris Nord, F-93430 Villetaneuse, France (personal communication, 1997).

1997

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

O. Pfister, F. Guernet, G. Charton, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Herlemont, and J. Legrand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1521 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1981

F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976

W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).

1974

F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Acef, M. O.

M. O. Acef, “Amélioration et comparaison d’etalons de préquences optiques:?développment d’un spectrometre ètrès haute résolution autor de 28 THz et application à la spectroscopie SF6,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris Sud, Paris, 1989).

Amy-Klein, A.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Azizi, M.

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, V.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bishel, W. K.

W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).

Bobin, B.

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bonek, E.

G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, Ch. J.

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, J.

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bréant, Ch.

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cagnac, B.

F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

C. Chardonnet, Université Paris Nord, F-93430 Villetaneuse, France (personal communication, 1997).

Chardonnet, Ch.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Pfister, F. Guernet, G. Charton, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Herlemont, and J. Legrand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1521 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Charton, G.

Chebotayev, V. P.

See, for example, V. S. Letokhov and V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977); J. E. Bjorkholm and P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 14, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Durand, P. E.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grynberg, G.

F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Guernet, F.

Hekkert, S. te Lintel

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herlemont, F.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Pfister, F. Guernet, G. Charton, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Herlemont, and J. Legrand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1521 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Holleman, I.

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, P. J.

W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).

Khelkhal, M.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Legrand, J.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Pfister, F. Guernet, G. Charton, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Herlemont, and J. Legrand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1521 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, J.

F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

See, for example, V. S. Letokhov and V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977); J. E. Bjorkholm and P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 14, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Linskens, A. F.

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Linskens, “Laser controlled dynamics of molecular process,” Ph. dissertation (University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1994); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, B. Sartakov, and J. Reuss, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 180, 207 (1996); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, J. Reuss, and B. Sartakov, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1273 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyszyk, M.

F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Magerl, G.

G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nogues, G.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, C. W.

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Pfister, O.

Pierre, G.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reuss, J.

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, C. K.

W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).

Rusinek, E.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sartakov, B. G.

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schupita, W.

G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys.

F. Herlemont, M. Lyszyk, and J. Lemaire, Appl. Phys. 24, 369 (1981); K. Tagachi, Chem. Phys. Lett. 112, 302 (1984); W. H. Weber, Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 469 (1985); R. Guccione-Gush, H. P. Gush, R. Schieder, K. Yamada, and G. W. Winnewisser, Phys. Rev. A 23, 2740 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys.

S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, I. Holleman, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 176, 171 (1993); S. te Lintel Hekkert, A. F. Linskens, B. G. Sartakov, G. Pierre, and J. Reuss, Chem. Phys. 173, 9 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

P. E. Durand, G. Nogues, V. Bernard, A. Amy-Klein, and Ch. Chardonnet, Europhys. Lett. 37, 103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Magerl, W. Schupita, and E. Bonek, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1214 (1982); P. K. Cheo, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 51, 579 (1994); S. K. Lee, R. H. Schwendeman, R. L. Crownover, D. Skatruk, and F. C. De Lucia, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 123, 145 (1987); J. Legrand, M. Azizi, F. Herlemont, and A. Fayt, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 171, 13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

M. Khelkhal, E. Rusinek, J. Legrand, F. Herlemont, and G. Pierre, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc.

C. W. Patterson, F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 108, 31 (1984).
[CrossRef]

B. Bobin, Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, and Ch. Bréant, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 91 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

F. Herlemont, M. Azizi, and J. Lemaire, Opt. Commun. 49, 329 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

W. K. Bishel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 13, 1817, 1829 (1976).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, and G. Grynberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 643 (1974); T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, and C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975); L. S. Vasilenko, V. P. Chebotayev, and A. V. Shishaev, JETP Lett. 12, 113 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. F. Linskens, “Laser controlled dynamics of molecular process,” Ph. dissertation (University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1994); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, B. Sartakov, and J. Reuss, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 180, 207 (1996); A. F. Linskens, N. Dam, J. Reuss, and B. Sartakov, Can. J. Phys. 72, 1273 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. O. Acef, “Amélioration et comparaison d’etalons de préquences optiques:?développment d’un spectrometre ètrès haute résolution autor de 28 THz et application à la spectroscopie SF6,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Paris Sud, Paris, 1989).

See, for example, V. S. Letokhov and V. P. Chebotayev, Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977); J. E. Bjorkholm and P. F. Liao, Phys. Rev. A 14, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. Chardonnet, Université Paris Nord, F-93430 Villetaneuse, France (personal communication, 1997).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the optical part of the experimental setup: E.O.M.’s, electro-optic modulations; MW’s, microwave; QWP’s, quarter-wave plates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum observed with the P16 laser line in the vicinity of the P13 1A25 two-photon transition. The microwave frequency of the horizontal axis should be subtracted from the Q43 F18 transition frequency to yield the absolute frequency scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Trace of the P39 2F240 two-photon absorption, showing the 15-kHz (HWHM) resolution. The microwave frequency of the horizontal axis should be subtracted from the Q43 F18 transition frequency to yield the absolute frequency.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 DFTP Transitions of SF6 Calculated and Observed with Tunable Sideband Radiation

Tables Icon

Table 2 DFTP Transitions of SF6 Calculated for Modulation Frequencies Lower Than 8 GHz

Equations (1)

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In1-n31μ22μ3/Δν2,

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