Abstract

A new high-speed, ultrahigh cross-talk-suppression multiwavelength add–drop optical filter structure is demonstrated with two bulk acousto-optic tunable filters. With simple spatial blocks, an average -47dB optical suppression is measured for the unwanted wavelengths at the filter output ports. The filter is tested for the three standard visible wavelengths, red, green, and blue, and demonstrates a switching time of 0.65 µs and an average optical loss of 5  dB. Applications for this filter include multiwavelength switching applications such as wavelength-division-multiplexed optical communications.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. Arce-Diego, R. Lopez-Ruisanchez, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 22, 603 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Okayama and T. Kamijoh, Opt. Eng. 36, 1078 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Padmanabhan and A. N. Netravali, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1357 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Baran, D. J. Fritz, and R. H. Hobbs, Opt. Lett. 19, 99 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.
  12. G. H. Song, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 430 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 31.
  14. N. A. Riza, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 1545.
  15. N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), p. 341.
  16. I. C. Chang, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 819.
  17. Brimrose Technical Catalog (Brimrose, Baltimore, Md., 1996), p. 19.

1997 (4)

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Arce-Diego, R. Lopez-Ruisanchez, J. M. Lopez-Higuera, and M. A. Muriel, Opt. Lett. 22, 603 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Okayama and T. Kamijoh, Opt. Eng. 36, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Song, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Padmanabhan and A. N. Netravali, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ade, R.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arce-Diego, J. L.

Baran, J. E.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Baran, D. J. Fritz, and R. H. Hobbs, Opt. Lett. 19, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 819.

Cheung, K. W.

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

d’Alessandro, A.

de Barros, M. R. X.

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eskildsen, L.

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D. J.

Herrmann, H.

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

Hobbs, R. H.

Iqbal, M. Z.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. J.

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kamijoh, T.

H. Okayama and T. Kamijoh, Opt. Eng. 36, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

Lopez-Ruisanchez, R.

Modlich, A.

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

Muller, Th.

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

Muriel, M. A.

Netravali, A. N.

K. Padmanabhan and A. N. Netravali, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. N.

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nykolak, G.

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

H. Okayama and T. Kamijoh, Opt. Eng. 36, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oku, S.

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Padmanabhan, K.

K. Padmanabhan and A. N. Netravali, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Riza, N. A.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 31.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 1545.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), p. 341.

Shibata, Y.

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

D. A. Smith, A. d’Alessandro, J. E. Baran, D. J. Fritz, and R. H. Hobbs, Opt. Lett. 19, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

Song, G. H.

G. H. Song, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takiguchi, K.

K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tian, F.

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wehrmann, F.

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Okamoto, K. Takiguchi, and Y. Ohmori, Electron. Lett. 32, 1471 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shibata, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and T. Tamamura, Electron. Lett. 31, 966 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

G. H. Song, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. (1)

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K. W. Cheung, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 8, 1151 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. L. Jackel, J. E. Baran, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G. H. Song, W. J. Tomlinson, D. Fritz, and R. Ade, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 370 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Nykolak, M. R. X. de Barros, T. N. Nielsen, and L. Eskildsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 605 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Padmanabhan and A. N. Netravali, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-35, 1357 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. Okayama and T. Kamijoh, Opt. Eng. 36, 1078 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (6)

H. Herrmann, A. Modlich, Th. Muller, W. Sohler, and F. Wehrmann, presented at the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics, Stockholm, Sweden, April 2–4, 1997.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 31.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 1545.

N. A. Riza, in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), p. 341.

I. C. Chang, in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), p. 819.

Brimrose Technical Catalog (Brimrose, Baltimore, Md., 1996), p. 19.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed suppressed cross-talk WDM filter architecture shown as a WDM drop filter in a 1×2 switch configuration for polarized inputs. R’s, 90° polarization rotators. See text for other definitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General 2×2 A–D multiwavelength router using two 1×2 multiwavelength routers and passive multiwavelength optical adders such as AWG multiplexers. A’s, passive add filters; D’s, active drop filters.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Drop and bypass port images captured by a video camera. The images show the three independent colors, R, G, and B, as they are switched to the two ports in our experimental filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The fast 0.65µs switching time (10–90% rise time) of our orthogonal drive set dual-AOTF router.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimental Results of the Cross-Talk Performance of the Routera

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