Abstract

A novel low-power phase-conjugating mirror based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in a quartz fiber with an internal taper is reported. A peak-power threshold as low as 500  W and a maximum reflectivity of 92% were obtained with 30-ns pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. The maximum peak powers of 130  kW demonstrated a dynamic range of 1:260. Reliable operation in both single- and multiple-longitudinal-mode operation was observed with conjugation fidelities larger than 95%.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
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1998 (1)

M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 372 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, Opt. Commun. 139, 327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, and D. A. Rockwell, Opt. Commun. 123, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (3)

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, Opt. Commun. 83, 342 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 81, 237 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts, M. J. Damzen, and R. A. Lamb, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2282 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1972 (1)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), pp. 370–399.
[CrossRef]

Bery, J. G.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhachu, B.

C. B. Dane, J. D. Wintemute, B. Bhachu, and L. A. Hackel, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.??11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD-27.

Borenstein, A.

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, C. M.

Crofts, G. J.

Damzen, M. J.

Dane, C. B.

C. B. Dane, J. D. Wintemute, B. Bhachu, and L. A. Hackel, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.??11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD-27.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, Opt. Commun. 139, 327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortiadi, A. A.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fortiadi, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1994), pp. 74–96.

Hackel, L. A.

C. B. Dane, J. D. Wintemute, B. Bhachu, and L. A. Hackel, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.??11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD-27.

Harpole, G. M.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heuer, A.

M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 372 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hilyard, R. C.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Injeyan, H.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. C.

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, and D. A. Rockwell, Opt. Commun. 123, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, Vol. 1 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).

Kummrow, A.

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, Opt. Commun. 83, 342 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kunde, J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, Opt. Commun. 139, 327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fortiadi, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1994), pp. 74–96.

Lallouz, R.

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lamb, R. A.

Liu, B.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, Opt. Commun. 139, 327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mangir, M. S.

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, and D. A. Rockwell, Opt. Commun. 123, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meng, H.

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, Opt. Commun. 83, 342 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, R.

M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 372 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mordaut, D. W.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ostermeyer, M.

M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 372 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fortiadi, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1994), pp. 74–96.

Pierre, R. St.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, and D. A. Rockwell, Opt. Commun. 123, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schelonka, L. P.

Shalev, P.

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sinn, P.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. E.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, M. G.

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wintemute, J. D.

C. B. Dane, J. D. Wintemute, B. Bhachu, and L. A. Hackel, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.??11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD-27.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 372 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. St. Pierre, D. W. Mordaut, H. Injeyan, J. G. Bery, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, G. M. Harpole, and P. Sinn, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 53 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, Opt. Commun. 139, 327 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Crofts and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Commun. 81, 237 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, Opt. Commun. 83, 342 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, and D. A. Rockwell, Opt. Commun. 123, 175 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Shalev, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, and A. Borenstein, Opt. Eng. 33, 278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

C. B. Dane, J. D. Wintemute, B. Bhachu, and L. A. Hackel, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.??11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper CPD-27.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), pp. 370–399.
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and A. A. Fortiadi, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1994), pp. 74–96.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, Vol. 1 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Shape of the tapered step-index quartz fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measuring the reflectance of the tapered fiber. A passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser generates pulses with a duration of 30  ns. ED’s, energy detectors; PD’s, photodiodes; BS’s, beam splitters; pol., polarizer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured energy reflectance of the tapered fiber as a function of the input energy. The SBS threshold of 15 µJ corresponds to a peak power of 500  W.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured temporal intensity distribution of the input pulse and the reflected pulse for two different input energies.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured fidelity of the tapered fiber as a function of the input energy. An aberrator was inserted into the beam path in front of the fiber.

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