Abstract

We found that pullulan [an α-glucan with 14 and 16 linkages] doped with chromium ions posseses promising holographic properties. It is environmentally stable and is capable of registering high spatial frequencies (as many as 1500 lines/mm) and producing surface relief. At 1000 lines/mm pullulan's diffraction efficiency was 4%. Chemical treatment of pullulan with a mixture of water and isopropyl alcohol is simple. However, as expected from analogy with dichromated gelatin, pullulan is sensitive in only the blue-green region of the spectrum.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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1996 (1)

1993 (1)

J. J. A. Couture, Proc. SPIE 2042, 229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

1987 (1)

Calixto, S.

Couture, J. J. A.

J. J. A. Couture, Proc. SPIE 2042, 229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Lelievre and J. J. A. Couture, Appl. Opt. 29, 4383 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, A.

T. Sano, Y. Uemura, and A. Furuta, “Photosensitive resin composition containing pullulan or esters thereof,” U.S. patent3,960,685 (June1, 1976).

Georgekutty, T. G.

Guo, L.

Lelievre, S.

S. Lelievre and J. J. A. Couture, Appl. Opt. 29, 4383 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H-K.

Mathur, A.

Naik, G. M.

Nishide, K.

K. Yokono and K. Nishide, “Hologram and method of production thereof from polysaccharide recording layer,” U.S. patent4,254,193 (March3, 1981).

Pappu, S. V.

Purves, F.

F. Purves, Encyclopedia of Photography (Focal Press, London, 1962).

Sano, T.

T. Sano, Y. Uemura, and A. Furuta, “Photosensitive resin composition containing pullulan or esters thereof,” U.S. patent3,960,685 (June1, 1976).

Toal, V.

Uemura, Y.

T. Sano, Y. Uemura, and A. Furuta, “Photosensitive resin composition containing pullulan or esters thereof,” U.S. patent3,960,685 (June1, 1976).

Wang, K.

Yokono, K.

K. Yokono and K. Nishide, “Hologram and method of production thereof from polysaccharide recording layer,” U.S. patent4,254,193 (March3, 1981).

Zhou, L.

Zhu, J.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. J. A. Couture, Proc. SPIE 2042, 229 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

K. Yokono and K. Nishide, “Hologram and method of production thereof from polysaccharide recording layer,” U.S. patent4,254,193 (March3, 1981).

F. Purves, Encyclopedia of Photography (Focal Press, London, 1962).

T. Sano, Y. Uemura, and A. Furuta, “Photosensitive resin composition containing pullulan or esters thereof,” U.S. patent3,960,685 (June1, 1976).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure of pullulan.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction grating recorded in a thin pullulan layer (grating constant, 1 µm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Part of the surface-profile trace, as measured with a Tallystep surface profiler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Holographic grating relief depth as a function of spatial frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Lens wave-aberration picture recorded upon a pullulan layer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Diffraction efficiency as a function of pullulan film thickness.

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