Abstract

Generation of sub-10-fs pulses with an average power of 1  W and a peak of 1.5  MW from a Kerr-lens mode-locked mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire laser is demonstrated. A specially designed lens triplet focuses the output of this compact all-solid-state source to a peak intensity in excess of 5×1013 W/cm2. Nonperturbative nonlinear optics is now becoming feasible by use of the output of a cw mode-locked laser.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991); L. Spinelli, B. Couillaud, N. Goldblatt, and D. K. Negus, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7; U. Keller, G. W. tHooft, W. H. Knox, and J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Zhou, G. Taft, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kayteyn, and I. Christov, Opt. Lett. 19, 1149 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Kasper and K. J. Witte, Opt. Lett. 21, 360 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Jung, F. Kärntner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Brabec, S. M. J. Kelly, and F. Krausz, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge), p. 57.
  12. L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Herrmann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 498 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. The design code of the triplet is KRA-F13A. E-mail, CDHCGDS@public3.bta.net.cn.
  17. These aberrations were previously shown to cause severe degradation of focused femtosecond pulses [Z. Bor, Opt. Lett. 14, 119 (1989); M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Opt. Lett. 18, 137 (1993)].
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. E. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, and T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (4)

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1994 (4)

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

Albers, P.

Baltuska, A.

Bor, Z.

Brabec, T.

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, S. M. J. Kelly, and F. Krausz, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge), p. 57.

Christov, I.

Curley, P. F.

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Ferencz, K.

Herrmann, J.

Huang, C. P.

Huber, G.

Johnston, T. F.

A. E. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, and T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I.

Kärntner, F.

Kasper, A.

Kayteyn, H. C.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Kelly, S. M. J.

T. Brabec, S. M. J. Kelly, and F. Krausz, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge), p. 57.

Krausz, F.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, S. M. J. Kelly, and F. Krausz, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge), p. 57.

Lenzner, M.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Murnane, M. M.

Nisoli, M.

Poppe, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Sartania, S.

Sasnett, M. W.

A. E. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, and T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Sibbett, W.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, and T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, Ch.

Stark, E.

Stingl, A.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D.

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Taft, G.

Tempea, G.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

Tschudi, T.

Wei, Z.

Wiersma, D. A.

Witte, K. J.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, G.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Xu, G. Tempea, A. Poppe, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, A. Stingl, and K. Ferencz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. E. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, and T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (10)

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991); L. Spinelli, B. Couillaud, N. Goldblatt, and D. K. Negus, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CPDP7; U. Keller, G. W. tHooft, W. H. Knox, and J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 16, 1022 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

These aberrations were previously shown to cause severe degradation of focused femtosecond pulses [Z. Bor, Opt. Lett. 14, 119 (1989); M. Kempe and W. Rudolph, Opt. Lett. 18, 137 (1993)].
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kayteyn, and I. Christov, Opt. Lett. 19, 1149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kasper and K. J. Witte, Opt. Lett. 21, 360 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jung, F. Kärntner, N. Matuschek, D. Sutter, F. Morier-Genoud, G. Zhang, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 22, 1009 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. E. Siegman, Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

The design code of the triplet is KRA-F13A. E-mail, CDHCGDS@public3.bta.net.cn.

T. Brabec, S. M. J. Kelly, and F. Krausz, in Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses, I. N. Duling, ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge), p. 57.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mode-locked spectrum of the mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:S laser (solid curve) and variation of the focal length of the triplet lens used in the experiments versus wavelength (dashed curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the spot size of the output beam near the focus of a low-f-number lens. The curves show Gaussian fits as described in the text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity profile of the laser beam at the focus of a 5.8-mm-focal length achromatic objective lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferometric autocorrelation of the focused sub-10-fs laser.

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