Abstract

The spectral and temporal emission properties of a Rhodamine (Rh) dye solution embedded with nanoparticle fractal aggregates are studied. An experiment on the pump-power density dependence of Rh emission spectra shows that the lasing threshold of a Rh6G solution embedded with TiO2 nanoparticle fractal aggregates is significantly reduced compared with that of a neat dye solution. The mechanism of this reduction in lasing threshold is discussed, together with the lasing properties of narrow bandwidth and short duration.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 61 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. W. Anderson, Philos. Mag. B 52, 505 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Rusek and A. Orlowski, Phys. Rev. E 51, R2763 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. D. Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. John and G. Pang, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. L. Sha and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 21, 1277 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. L. Zhang, N. Cue, and K. M. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 20, 961 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Siddique, R. R. Alfano, G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, Opt. Lett. 21, 450 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1997

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. John and G. Pang, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Sha and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 21, 1277 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Siddique, R. R. Alfano, G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, Opt. Lett. 21, 450 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 61 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Rusek and A. Orlowski, Phys. Rev. E 51, R2763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Zhang, N. Cue, and K. M. Yoo, Opt. Lett. 20, 961 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 19, 1922 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

F. D. Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

P. W. Anderson, Philos. Mag. B 52, 505 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Anderson, P. W.

P. W. Anderson, Philos. Mag. B 52, 505 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, R. L.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berger, G. A.

Botet, R.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cue, N.

Genack, A. Z.

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. G.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jacobovitz, G. R.

F. D. Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John, S.

S. John and G. Pang, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kempe, M.

Kim, W.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kovacs, J.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. K.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-H.

Markel, V. A.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Martini, F. D.

F. D. Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moshovits, M.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moskovits, M.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mostowski, J.

M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Orlowski, A.

M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Rusek and A. Orlowski, Phys. Rev. E 51, R2763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pang, G.

S. John and G. Pang, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rusek, M.

M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Rusek and A. Orlowski, Phys. Rev. E 51, R2763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sha, W. L.

Shalaev, V. M.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 61 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siddique, M.

Stechel, E. B.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sus, J. S.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taniguchi, H.

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tanosaki, S.

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsujita, K.

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Van Albada, M. P.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. Z.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. H.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. M.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, K. M.

Zhang, W. L.

Zhao, F. L.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X. G.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, and H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

H. Z. Wang, F. L. Zhao, X. G. Huang, X. G. Zheng, M. M. Wu, and W. K. Lee, Chin. Phys. Lett. 14, 736 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Van Albada, and A. Lagendijk, Nature (London) 373, 203 (1995); N. M. Lawandy and R. M. Balachandran, Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, Nature (London) 368, 436 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Philos. Mag. B

P. W. Anderson, Philos. Mag. B 52, 505 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep.

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 61 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, and V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. 53, 2437 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

S. John and G. Pang, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

M. Rusek and A. Orlowski, Phys. Rev. E 51, R2763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Rusek, A. Orlowski, and J. Mostowski, Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, Z. H. Wang, M. Moshovits, V. M. Shalaev, J. S. Sus, and R. Botet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 4149 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D. Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica A

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, D. P. Tsai, J. Kovacs, and M. Moskovits, Physica A 207, 197 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Science

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fluorescent decay of A, Rh6G in CCA-Rh6G; B, neat Rh6G at low excitation; C, emission duration of Rh6G in CCA-Rh6G at a 0.5mJ/mm2 EPED of a single-pulse frequency-doubled mode-locked Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pump-density-dependent emission spectra of neat Rh6G: A, at low-density cw excitation; B, at a 1mJ/mm2 EPED of a single-pulse frequency-doubled mode-locked Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pump-density-dependent emission spectra of neat Rh6G in CCA-Rh6G: A, at low-density cw excitation; B, at a 20µJ/mm2 EPED; C, at a 40µJ/mm2 EPED; D, at a 60µJ/mm2 EPED; E, at a 100µJ/mm2 EPED; F, at a 0.5mJ/mm2 EPED of a single-pulse frequency-doubled mode-locked Nd:YAG laser.

Metrics