Abstract

A cw Nd:YAG laser was quasi-phase-matched frequency doubled by a bulk periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4 crystal in an external resonant cavity. The conversion efficiency and the second-harmonic power with a pump of 225  mW were 55% and 123.5  mW, respectively. The loss of the 1-cm-long crystal, which operated near room temperature, was 1.3% and was dominated by scatter from the cleaved facets of the crystal. No damage, photorefractive or other, was observed at intensites of 370 Wmm-2, but beam size had to be optimized to eliminate thermal-induced instabilities in the doubling cavity.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1997

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

1988

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Barr, J. R. M.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bode, M.

Bordui, P. F.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Eger, D.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feigelson, R. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

Karlsson, H.

H. Karlsson, M. Pierrou, and F. Laurell, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe ’96, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Kato, M.

Katz, M.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, M. Oron, and M. Katz, J. Phys. D 30, 277 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Kitaoka, Y.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

H. Karlsson, M. Pierrou, and F. Laurell, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe ’96, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Mahal, V.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

Mlynek, J.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. G.

Oron, M.

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, M. Oron, and M. Katz, J. Phys. D 30, 277 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

Pereira, S. F.

Pierrou, M.

H. Karlsson, M. Pierrou, and F. Laurell, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe ’96, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Pohlsky, C. C.

Polzik, E. S.

Pruneri, V.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Raymakers, R. J.

Rosenman, G.

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, M. Oron, and M. Katz, J. Phys. D 30, 277 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Route, R. K.

Russell, P. St. J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saski, T.

Schiller, S.

Schneider, K.

Skliar, A.

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, M. Oron, and M. Katz, J. Phys. D 30, 277 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Webjorn, J.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, G. Rosenman, and A. Skliar, Electron. Lett. 33, 507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and J. M. Dziedzic, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109 (1966).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 913 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, M. Oron, and M. Katz, J. Phys. D 30, 277 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

V. Pruneri, J. Webjorn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, Opt. Commun. 116, 159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, and D. Eger, Opt. Commun. 142, 265 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. Karlsson, M. Pierrou, and F. Laurell, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe ’96, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for resonant frequency doubling of Nd:YAG with PP KTP.  PZT, piezoelectric transducer; HR, high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitted resonant peak at 532  nm, which we obtained by scanning a cavity mirror with a PZT. Different peaks were obtained as the distance between the curved mirrors was changed in 0.5-mm steps. The waist size was monotonically reduced from 31 (left) to 25 µm (right). Inset, expanded trace with a 25-µm beam size.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second-harmonic power and conversion efficiency as a function of pump power. The solid and the dashed–dotted curves are theoretical results obtained with the cavity and the crystal parameters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Long-term power stability measurement of the second-harmonic signal. Bottom trace, same measurement with an expanded intensity scale. The standard deviation is 0.3%.

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