Abstract

We demonstrate a powerful new tool for real-time single-shot imaging of ultrafast phase shifts based on multipulse interferometric frequency-resolved optical gating that can directly measure and display ultrafast-time-scale phase shifts without computation. In addition, this technique can, with the application of interferogram analysis and iterative phase-retrievial techniques, recover the intensity and phase of three pulses in a single shot and exhibits a linear sensitivity to the pulse field in the wings.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).
  5. C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, N. C. Turner, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stapanov, and A. M. Sergeev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

Wm. M. Wood, C. W. Siders, and M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3523 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).

Babine, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, N. C. Turner, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stapanov, and A. M. Sergeev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bowie, J. L.

Dawson, J. M.

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

Downer, M. C.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, N. C. Turner, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stapanov, and A. M. Sergeev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wm. M. Wood, C. W. Siders, and M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3523 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, D.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Froehly, C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).

Jennings, R. T.

Kane, D.

Kane, D. J.

Krumbugel, M. A.

Lacourt, A.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).

Le Blanc, S. P.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

Sergeev, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A. M.

Sharp Clement, T.

Siders, C. W.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Siders, N. C. Turner, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stapanov, and A. M. Sergeev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 330 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wm. M. Wood, C. W. Siders, and M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3523 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stapanov, A.

Stepanov, A.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

Tajima, T.

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Trebino, R.

Turner, N. C.

Vienot, J. C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).

Walmsley, I. A.

White, W. E.

Wood, Wm. M.

Wm. M. Wood, C. W. Siders, and M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3523 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, A. Sergeev, T. Tajima, and M. C. Downer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 301 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (Paris) (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183 (1973).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C. W. Siders, S. P. Le Blanc, D. Fisher, T. Tajima, M. C. Downer, A. Babine, A. Stepanov, and A. Sergeev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wm. M. Wood, C. W. Siders, and M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3523 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustrative calculation of a MI-FROG trace with short-pulse (τpumpτprobe) XPM. Time is in units of pump pulse widths, with the probe two units wide, the gate 0.2 units wide, and Δ=6. The peak phase shift is one fringe.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raw MI-FROG traces (center) for XPM in fused silica (τpumpτprobe). The right column is for coincident pump and probe; the left, for -100-fs delay. The top (bottom) row contains TREEFROG traces for the leading (trailing) probe pulse, and the feature at far left in each panel is the power spectrum of the input pulse. Additional data taken for +100-fs delay (not shown) are similar to those for the -100-fs case but with the opposite frequency shift and fringe tilt.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of MI-FROG interferogram analysis and iterative phase recovery. For each time delay, the intensity profiles of the unpumped, Pt2, and pumped, Qt2, probe pulses are plotted, along with their relative phase difference, Δϕt. The intensity profile of the gate pulse, Gt2, is, for clarity, shown only for the zero-delay case. Intensity profiles are unit normalized, and the centroid of Pt2 is used to define t=0. No other adjustable parameters are used.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

IFEt, Gt; τ, ν=-EtGt-τexpi2πνtdt2,
IMFτ, ν=IFPt, G0t; τ-Δ, ν+IFQt, G0t; τ+Δ, ν+IFQt+Ptexpi2πνΔ, G0t; τ, ν,

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