Abstract

A simple interferometer based on modal interference is described. Without compromising interferometer stability it is possible to measure index changes of less than 1×10-6.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.
  2. C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.
  4. T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Opt. Lett. 19, 119 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, Transmission Media Characteristics, Vol. III - Fascicle 111.3, Recommendations G.601-G.654 (International Telecommucations Union, Geneva, 1988).
  8. K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).
  10. J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, H. I. Inglis, and P. Hill, Opt. Lett. 20, 1 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, “Correlation between photodarkening at 193  nm and index change in germanosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1996).

1996 (1)

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, H. I. Inglis, and P. Hill, Opt. Lett. 20, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Opt. Lett. 19, 119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abe, K.

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arkwright, J.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Asseh, C. G.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, G. A.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bonnell, L.

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brodzeli, Z.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Canning, J.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, H. I. Inglis, and P. Hill, Opt. Lett. 20, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Opt. Lett. 19, 119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, “Correlation between photodarkening at 193  nm and index change in germanosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1996).

Carter, A. L. G.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, “Correlation between photodarkening at 193  nm and index change in germanosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1996).

Chu, P.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.

Dhosi, G.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Edwall, G.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Fleming, S.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hill, P.

Inglis, H. I.

Jakubczyk, Z.

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Janos, M.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Lacroix, Y.

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

Margulis, W.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Poole, S. B.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.

Sahlgren, B.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sandgren, S.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, H. I. Inglis, and P. Hill, Opt. Lett. 20, 1 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning and M. G. Sceats, Opt. Lett. 19, 119 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, “Correlation between photodarkening at 193  nm and index change in germanosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1996).

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

Stephens, T.

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

Storey, H.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stubbe, R.

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wong, D.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

C. G. Asseh, H. Storey, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, Electron. Lett. 31, 969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, Y. Zhao, S. Fleming, S. B. Poole, and M. G. Sceats, Electron. Lett. 31, 573 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Abe, Y. Lacroix, L. Bonnell, and Z. Jakubczyk, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Arkwright, G. A. Atkins, J. Canning, P. Chu, M. Janos, M. Sceats, and B. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2841, 172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, S. B. Poole, and G. J. Cowle, in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (OECC ‘96) (Institution of Electronics, Information, and Communications Engineers, Chiba, Japan, 1996), paper 16C2-4.

International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, Transmission Media Characteristics, Vol. III - Fascicle 111.3, Recommendations G.601-G.654 (International Telecommucations Union, Geneva, 1988).

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, London, 1983).

J. Canning, A. L. G. Carter, and M. G. Sceats, “Correlation between photodarkening at 193  nm and index change in germanosilicate and phosphosilicate fibers,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1996).

B. J. Eggleton, T. Stephens, P. A. Krug, G. Dhosi, Z. Brodzeli, and F. Ouellette, in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper PD5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration for modal interferometry.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Index change versus phase change for stubs of various lengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed shift in modal fringes observed in a Er3+/Yb3+ fiber stub with 193-nm irradiation.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕ=2πlΔNλ,
ΔN=η1-η2nco+η2-η1ncl,
ΔN=η1-η2nco+Δn+η2-η1ncl.
Δnλ2πlη1-η2Δϕ.
ηm=01Fm2RdR0Fm2RdR,

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