Abstract

Light-induced anchoring of the molecular director is reported to be an efficient method for writing permanent holographic gratings in dye-doped liquid crystals. We have achieved higher sensitivity and spatial resolution in these materials with other methods. An energy density as low as 10-1 J/cm2 was sufficient to write gratings with a resolution higher than 100  lines/mm.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

F. Simoni, O. Francescangeli, Y. Reznikov, and S. Slussarenko, "Dye-doped liquid crystals as high-resolution recording media: errata," Opt. Lett. 22, 937-937 (1997)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-22-12-937

References

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  1. P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Vols. I and II.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  5. W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. M. Gibbons and S-T. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2542 (1994).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  8. D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. F. Simoni, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals and Polymer Dipersed Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).
  11. I. C. Khoo, Opt. Lett. 20, 2137 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

R. Elschner and R. Macdonald, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 107 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (3)

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. C. Khoo, Opt. Lett. 20, 2137 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

W. M. Gibbons and S-T. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2542 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. Anderle and J. H. Wendorff, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 243, 51 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

C. Brauche and D. M. Burland, Angew. Chem. 95, 612 (1983).
[Crossref]

Anderle, K.

K. Anderle and J. H. Wendorff, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 243, 51 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brauche, C.

C. Brauche and D. M. Burland, Angew. Chem. 95, 612 (1983).
[Crossref]

Burland, D. M.

C. Brauche and D. M. Burland, Angew. Chem. 95, 612 (1983).
[Crossref]

Elschner, R.

R. Elschner and R. Macdonald, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 107 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gibbons, W. M.

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons and S-T. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2542 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I. C.

Khyzhnyak, A.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kosa, T.

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

Macdonald, R.

R. Elschner and R. Macdonald, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 107 (1996).
[Crossref]

Marusii, T.

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

Reshetnyak, V.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Reznikov, Yu.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Shannon, P. J.

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

F. Simoni, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals and Polymer Dipersed Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

Sun, S-T.

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons and S-T. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2542 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

Swetlin, B. J.

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

Voloshchenko, D.

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wendorff, J. H.

K. Anderle and J. H. Wendorff, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 243, 51 (1994).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. (1)

C. Brauche and D. M. Burland, Angew. Chem. 95, 612 (1983).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. M. Gibbons and S-T. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2542 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Voloshchenko, A. Khyzhnyak, Yu. Reznikov, and V. Reshetnyak, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 566 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (3)

T. Marusii, Yu. Reznikov, D. Voloshchenko, and V. Reshetnyak, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 251, 209 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. Anderle and J. H. Wendorff, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 243, 51 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Elschner and R. Macdonald, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 107 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (2)

W. M. Gibbons, P. J. Shannon, S-T. Sun, and B. J. Swetlin, Nature (London) 351, 49 (1991).
[Crossref]

W. M. Gibbons, T. Kosa, P. Palffy-Muhoray, P. J. Shannon, and S-T. Sun, Nature (London) 377, 43 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), Vols. I and II.

F. Simoni, Nonlinear Optical Properties of Liquid Crystals and Polymer Dipersed Liquid Crystals (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: M's, mirrors; BS, beam splitter; L, lens; λ/2, half-wave plate; D, detector; S, sample. Eexc is the electric field of the impinging light from the He–Cd laser, and n is the liquid-crystal director.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical microscopy photograph of one of the re-corded gratings. The grating constant is Λ=5 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffracted signal S as a function of the angle θ between the exciting light polarization and the initial planar orientation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency η versus the grating constant.

Equations (1)

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η=I1/I0,

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