Abstract

We have produced bright tunable squeezed light by second-harmonic generation in a singly resonant cavity. We have investigated the effect of input coupling and fundamental power on the squeezing. Up to 400  mW of continuous-wave mode-locked tunable squeezed light was produced at wavelengths as short as 389  nm, and more than 1.5  dB of squeezing was inferred.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  5. P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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1996 (2)

J. Maeda and K. Kikuchi, Opt. Lett. 21, 821 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. M. Shelby and M. Rosenbluh, Appl. Phys. B 55, 226 (1992); P. D. Townsend and R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

1983 (2)

1982 (1)

L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 42, 437 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 411 (1980).
[Crossref]

Bachor, H.-A.

T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

Chan, V. W. S.

Collet, M.

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 411 (1980).
[Crossref]

Fiedler, K.

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

Fujimura, M.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 411 (1980).
[Crossref]

Horowicz, R. J.

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, K.

Kimble, H. J.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, Opt. Lett. 16, 1400 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kintaka, K.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kürz, P.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lam, P. K.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

Leuchs, G.

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

Maeda, J.

Mandel, L.

L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 42, 437 (1982).
[Crossref]

McClelland, D. E.

T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

Milburn, G. J.

G. J. Milburn and D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 27, 39 (1983); L. A. Lugiato, G. Strini, and F. De Martini, Opt. Lett. 8, 256 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mlynek, J.

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nishihara, H.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pereia, S. F.

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

Polzik, E. S.

Ralph, T. C.

Rosenbluh, M.

R. M. Shelby and M. Rosenbluh, Appl. Phys. B 55, 226 (1992); P. D. Townsend and R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby and M. Rosenbluh, Appl. Phys. B 55, 226 (1992); P. D. Townsend and R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sizmann, A.

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Taubman, M. S.

T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

Tsuchida, H.

Wagner, G.

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

Walls, D. F.

G. J. Milburn and D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 27, 39 (1983); L. A. Lugiato, G. Strini, and F. De Martini, Opt. Lett. 8, 256 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, A. G.

T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

Xiao, M.

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

Yuen, H. P.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Kürz, R. Paschotta, K. Fiedler, A. Sizmann, G. Leuchs, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. B 55, 216 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. M. Shelby and M. Rosenbluh, Appl. Phys. B 55, 226 (1992); P. D. Townsend and R. Loudon, Phys. Rev. A 45, 458 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Suhara, M. Fujimura, K. Kintaka, H. Nishihara, P. Kürz, and T. Mukai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 690 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 411 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. Sizmann, R. J. Horowicz, G. Wagner, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 80, 138 (1990).
[Crossref]

L. Mandel, Opt. Commun. 42, 437 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. J. Milburn and D. F. Walls, Phys. Rev. A 27, 39 (1983); L. A. Lugiato, G. Strini, and F. De Martini, Opt. Lett. 8, 256 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. F. Pereia, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. L. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Paschotta, M. Collet, P. Kürz, K. Fiedler, H.-A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 72–73 and 239–240.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup, showing the laser, doubling cavity, locking scheme, and homodyne detector. Dotted lines, fundamental light; thick solid lines, second-harmonic light; thin solid lines, electrical connections. H–C lock, Hänsch–Couillaud locking scheme; HWP, half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; SA, spectrum analyzer; A, amplifier; BS1, higher reflector (HR) at 780  nm, high transmitter at 390  nm; BS2, 50/50 beam splitter at 390  nm; D's, detectors; LPF's, low-pass filters; HPF, high-pass filter; HR's, high reflectors; C, combiner; IC, input coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Noise on the light field as a function of frequency. (a) Single-pass case with a 100%-transmitting input coupler. For the right-hand scale, the light is not shot-noise limited; it lies 0.3–0.5  dB above this level. Trace (b), left-hand scale, is taken with the 1.7% input coupler in the cavity. The structure in these traces is reproducible. The dotted curve gives the theoretical6 noise ratio for the experimental parameters.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed squeezing as a function of laser power. These data were taken with a 3% input coupler in the cavity at a detection frequency of 3.5  MHz. The dotted curve is the theoretical curve corresponding to the experimental parameters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Squeezing as a function of input coupler transmission. Diamonds, experimental data; error bars, statistical error, not including systematic errors. The theoretical points (filled circles connected by the solid curve) are calculated from the theory of Ref. 6 with 3% linear losses in the cavity, a 0.1 W-1 nonlinear coefficient, and 0.21-W fundamental power.

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