Abstract

High-energy 20-fs pulses generated by a Ti:sapphire laser system were spectrally broadened to more than 250  nm by self-phase modulation in a hollow fiber filled with noble gases and subsequently compressed in a broadband high-throughput dispersive system. Pulses as short as 4.5  fs with energy up to 20-µJ were obtained with krypton, while pulses as short as 5  fs with energy up to 70 µJ were obtained with argon. These pulses are, to our knowledge, the shortest generated to date at multigigawatt peak powers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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1997 (1)

1996 (4)

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. R.-P. Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1966 (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 259, 424 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Backus, S.

Baltuska, A.

Barty, C. P. J.

Becker, P. C.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalgarno, A.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 259, 424 (1966).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Fork, R. L.

Guo, T.

Huang, C. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kingston, A. E.

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 259, 424 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Le Blanc, C.

Lehmeier, H. J.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lenzer, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Lenzner, M.

Leupacher, W.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Peatross, J.

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penzkofer, A.

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Petruck, C. R.-P.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Raksi, F.

Rundquist, A.

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Shank, C. V.

Spielmann, Ch.

L. Xu, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Squier, J.

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Stolen, R. H.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Szipöcs, R.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Wei, Z.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wilson, K. R.

Wintner, E.

Xu, L.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Zhou, J.

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 64 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bell. Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, Opt. Commun. 56, 67 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. P. Christov, J. Zhou, J. Peatross, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1743 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 259, 424 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spectral broadening in argon at p=3.3 bars and P0=4 GW. A low-intensity pedestal (1% of the peak) extends below 600  nm. (b) Measured (solid curve) and calculated (crosses) autocorrelation trace; an evaluation of pulse duration (FWHM) is also given.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectral broadening in krypton at p=2.1 bars and P0=2 GW. A low-intensity pedestal (1% of the peak) extends below 600  nm. (b) Measured (solid curve) and calculated (crosses) autocorrelation trace; an evaluation of the pulse duration (FWHM) is also given.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured beam profiles (dots) along orthogonal directions (a) x and (b) y at a distance of 43  cm from the output of fiber. The calculated beam profiles (solid curves) are also shown.

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