Abstract

Scanning near-field optical images of hexagonally close-packed layers of polystyrene spherical particles with a diameter of 1.0  µm have been investigated. The layers were composed of particles that were doped either totally or partially with an organic fluorescent dye. Observations were made in the transmission and luminescence excitation modes with a scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) with a spatial resolution shorter than the wavelength of light. The patterns observed in the SNOM images are significantly dependent on the microstructures of layers, that is, the layers are either single or double layered, and the particles are either totally or partially doped. These results are discussed in terms of specific modes of electromagnetic waves transmitting across and along the layers after the local excitation at the tip end of the scanning microprobe.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Knight, N. Dubreuil, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefévre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Opt. Lett. 21, 698 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 283 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Ohtaka and Y. Tanabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65, 2265 (1996); ibid., 2275.
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Nagayama, Mater. Sci. Eng. C1, 87 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

1996 (2)

1995 (2)

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Nagayama, Mater. Sci. Eng. C1, 87 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ataka, T.

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ataku, T.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bölger, B.

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, N.

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Dubreuil, N.

Edamatsu, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Fujihira, M.

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, T.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

Hayashibe, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Imada, A.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Itoh, T.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Knight, J. C.

Koda, T.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Lefévre-Seguin, V.

Monobe, H.

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mores, M. H. P.

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Muramatsu, H.

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Nagayama, K.

K. Nagayama, Mater. Sci. Eng. C1, 87 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohtaka, K.

K. Ohtaka and Y. Tanabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65, 2265 (1996); ibid., 2275.
[CrossRef]

Raimond, J. M.

Ruiter, A. G. T.

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

Segawa, Y.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Shimada, R.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Shimoyama, K.

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

Tanabe, Y.

K. Ohtaka and Y. Tanabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65, 2265 (1996); ibid., 2275.
[CrossRef]

Trautman, J. K.

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Ohtaka and Y. Tanabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 65, 2265 (1996); ibid., 2275.
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. (1)

K. Nagayama, Mater. Sci. Eng. C1, 87 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy (2)

M. H. P. Mores, N. F. van Hulst, A. G. T. Ruiter, and B. Bölger, Ultramicroscopy 57, 298 (1995);A. Jalocha, M. H. P. Mores, A. G. T. Ruiter, and N. F. van Hulst, Ultramicroscopy 61, 221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Muramatsu, N. Chiba, T. Ataka, H. Monobe, and M. Fujihira, Ultramicroscopy 57, 141 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Fujimura, T. Itoh, K. Hayashibe, K. Edamatsu, K. Shimoyama, R. Shimada, A. Imada, T. Koda, Y. Segawa, N. Chiba, H. Muramatsu, and T. Ataku, “Observation of local light propagation in ordered Latex layers by scanning near-field optical microscope,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B (to be published).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

4.5 µm×4.5 µm images of a single layer of 1.0-µm Latex particles: (a) topographic image, (b) optical transmission image. White circles drawn on both images indicate the position of the same particle. (c) Changes in the height of the tip end (solid curve) and in the transmitted light intensity (dashed curve) measured along the lines indicated in (a) and (b). The cross section of the Latex particles is also shown by the dotted circle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

4.5 µm×4.5 µm images of a double layer of 1.0-µm Latex particles: (a) topographic image, (b) optical transmission image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

4.5 µm×4.5 µm image of a single layer of dye-doped 1.0-µm Latex particles: (a) topographic image, (b) luminescence excitation image.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

9 µm×9 µm image of a single layer of 1.0-µm Latex particles, 2% of which are dye doped: (a) topographic image, (b) luminescence excitation image. The tip aperture size is 250  nm. Circles indicate the position of the dye-doped Latex particle.

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