Abstract

The concept of a one-dimensional optical wave and its waveguides are proposed for what is to our knowledge the first time. The proposed waveguides are principally new and named for one-dimensional optical waveguides. One-dimensional optical waveguides make it possible to guide very thin optical beams in the visible or the near-infrared region with a diameter in the nanometer range. The propagation properties are analyzed theoretically. The applications of the waveguides to optical devices in the nanometer range are discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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