Abstract

We investigate Nd:YAG master-oscillator power amplifier arrangements with an infrared-sensitive rhodium-doped BaTiO3 photorefractive phase-conjugate mirror. In these setups the phase-conjugate mirror is simple to implement, compact, passive, and completely self-contained. We demonstrate a reasonable extraction efficiency (50%), response times in the range of several minutes with our experimental conditions and an excellent ability of the phase-conjugate mirror to compensate for severe phase aberrations.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. Rockwell, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower and D. Proch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 9.
  2. R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Brignon and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 20, 1710 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 1996 OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CMK5.
  6. J. Feinberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 486 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, Opt. Lett. 22, 215 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. A. Wechsler, M. B. Klein, C. C. Nelson, and R. N. Schwartz, Opt. Lett. 19, 536 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 11 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Mager, C. Laquarnoy, G. Pauliat, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Lett. 19, 1508 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (3)

1993 (2)

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 11 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Brignon, A.

Carr, I. D.

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Crofts, G. J.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 1996 OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CMK5.

Ewbank, M.

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 11 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Garrett, M. H.

Giuliano, C. R.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. P. M.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haase, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hribek, P.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

Klein, M. B.

Kunde, J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 1996 OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CMK5.

Laquarnoy, C.

Lind, R. C.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 1996 OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CMK5.

Mager, L.

Menzel, R.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mnushkina, I.

Nelson, C. C.

Pauliat, G.

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower and D. Proch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 9.

Roosen, G.

Ross, G. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

L. Mager, C. Laquarnoy, G. Pauliat, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Lett. 19, 1508 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, R. N.

Siemoneit, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, R. R.

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

Yeh, P.

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 11 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. R. Stephens, R. C. Lind, and C. R. Giuliano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 647 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, and A. Siemoneit, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 26, 1884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. D. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 11 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. A. Rockwell, in Optical Phase Conjugation, M. Gower and D. Proch, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 9.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, 1996 OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper CMK5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental Nd:YAG MOPA with a Rh:BaTiO3 self-pumped PCM. (a) Two-pass and (b) four-pass arrangements are shown. M, plane mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Steady-state output energy Eout per pulse of the two MOPA arrangements as a function of the oscillator input energy Ein.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of the output energy Eout of the two-pass MOPA arrangement when the oscillator is turned on at time t=0. At time t=t0, a phase-plate aberrator is introduced between the amplifier and the PCM. Steady-state output PC beam spatial profiles are shown (a) without and (c) with the phase-plate aberrator. Output beam spatial profiles when the PCM is replaced with a dielectric plane mirror (b) without and (d) with the aberrator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far-field spatial profiles of (a) the incident beam from the oscillator, (b)–(e) the return PC beam after a double pass through lenses of various focal lengths f or a phase-plate aberrator, and (f)–(i) the return beam when a dielectric plane mirror is used in place of the PCM.

Equations (1)

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=Eout/πw2Ein/πw02+ln GUsat,

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