Abstract

We propose a multiple-grating fiber structure that decomposes an ultrashort broadband optical pulse simultaneously in both wavelength and time. As an initial demonstration, we used a transform-limited 1-ps Gaussian pulse centered at 1.55  µm as the ultrashort broadband input into a three-grating fiber structure and generated three output pulses separated in wavelength and time with good correlation between experimental results and simulations. This device structure can be used to generate a multiwavelength train of pulses for use in wavelength-division-multiplexed systems or to implement frequency-domain encoding of coherent pulses for optical code-division multiple access.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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1996

L. Qian, S. D. Benjamin, and P. W. E. Smith, Opt. Commun. 127, 173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, and U. Koren, Electron. Lett. 32, 1311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1990

1988

Archambault, J.-L.

Barcelos, S.

Benjamin, S. D.

L. Qian, S. D. Benjamin, and P. W. E. Smith, Opt. Commun. 127, 173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, C. J.

C. J. Brooks, G. L. Vossler, and K. A. Winick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Doerr, C. R.

Haus, H. A.

Heritage, J. P.

Hua, P.

Ippen, E. P.

Knox, W. H.

M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, and U. Koren, Electron. Lett. 32, 1311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, and U. Koren, Electron. Lett. 32, 1311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Nuss, M. C.

M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, and U. Koren, Electron. Lett. 32, 1311 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

Payne, D. N.

Poladian, L.

Qian, L.

L. Qian, S. D. Benjamin, and P. W. E. Smith, Opt. Commun. 127, 173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Salehi, J. A.

Sipe, J. E.

Smith, P. W. E.

L. Qian, S. D. Benjamin, and P. W. E. Smith, Opt. Commun. 127, 173 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Taverner, D.

Vossler, G. L.

C. J. Brooks, G. L. Vossler, and K. A. Winick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Winick, K. A.

C. J. Brooks, G. L. Vossler, and K. A. Winick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2168 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the principle of operation of the multiple-grating fiber device structure. The inset corresponds the actual device, and the values shown were measured experimentally with an optical spectrum analyzer and a tunable cw laser diode (BW, FWHM reflection bandwidth; %R, maximum reflectivity; L, grating length).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated reflected pulse train resulting from a single transform-limited 1-ps Gaussian pulse incident upon the grating structure. For the measured reflected pulse train the input pulse is tuned to (b) the Bragg wavelength of the second grating and (c) shorter and (d) longer wavelengths so that the corresponding reflected pulse is larger.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated spectra of (a) the reflected pulse train in Fig.  2(a) and (b) the transmitted pulse through the three-grating structure; (c) and (d) are the respective measured values. The input is a transform-limited 1-ps Gaussian pulse at 1.55  µm.

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