Abstract

A new external-cavity diode laser system based on an extended version of the Littman configuration is investigated. In our laser system the tuning mirror is replaced with a second grating mounted at the Littrow angle. This double-grating design provides a smaller passive bandwidth than the grating-mirror configuration, which is used to compensate for the large angle-of-incidence-dependent losses of the grazing-incidence grating. This results in a broader continuous tuning range with an improved mode stability. Because two laser diodes, emitting at 820 and 775 nm, respectively, are used, the external-cavity laser is continuously tunable without mode hops across 35 nm at 820 nm and 27 nm at 775 nm. Such a laser was used to measure the absorption lines of the oxygen A band around 762 nm. The complete R - and P -rotational branches of the b ?<sub>g</sub><sup>1</sup> <sup>+</sup>(?<sup>??</sup>=0)?X <sup>3</sup>?<sub>g</sub><sup>-</sup>(? <sup>?</sup>=0) transition were recorded in a single-wavelength scan.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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T. Day, M. Brownell, and I. F. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2378, 35 (1995).

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O. Nilsson, E. Goobar, and K. Vilhelmson, in 16th European Conference on Optical Communication (IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990), p. 373.

D. M. Bruce and D. T. Cassidy, Appl. Opt. 29, 1327 (1990).

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I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495 (1977).

Barbe, A.

Brown, L. R.

Brownell, M.

T. Day, M. Brownell, and I. F. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2378, 35 (1995).

Bruce, D. M.

Camy-Peyret, C.

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I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495 (1977).

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T. Day, M. Brownell, and I. F. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2378, 35 (1995).

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F. Favre and D. LeGuen, Electron. Lett. 27, 184 (1991).

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Flaud, J.-M.

Gamache, R. R.

Goldman, A.

Goobar, E.

O. Nilsson, E. Goobar, and K. Vilhelmson, in 16th European Conference on Optical Communication (IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990), p. 373.

Harvey, K. C.

Hegarty, J.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Perez-Camacho, and J. Hegarty, Electron. Lett. 32, 219 (1996).

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M. Kroll, J. A. McClintock, and O. Ollinger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1465 (1987).

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F. Favre, D. LeGuen, J. C. Simon, and B. Landousiers, Electron. Lett. 22, 795 (1986).

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D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

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F. Favre and D. LeGuen, Electron. Lett. 27, 184 (1991).

F. Favre, D. LeGuen, J. C. Simon, and B. Landousiers, Electron. Lett. 22, 795 (1986).

Littman, M. G.

McClintock, J. A.

M. Kroll, J. A. McClintock, and O. Ollinger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1465 (1987).

McNicholl, P.

Metcalf, H. J.

Myatt, C. J.

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O. Nilsson, E. Goobar, and K. Vilhelmson, in 16th European Conference on Optical Communication (IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990), p. 373.

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V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Perez-Camacho, and J. Hegarty, Electron. Lett. 32, 219 (1996).

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M. Kroll, J. A. McClintock, and O. Ollinger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1465 (1987).

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I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495 (1977).

I. Shoshan and U. P. Oppenheim, Opt. Commun. 25, 375 (1978).

Perez-Camacho, J. J.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Perez-Camacho, and J. Hegarty, Electron. Lett. 32, 219 (1996).

Picket, H. M.

Poynter, R. L.

Przyklenk, K.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

Rinsland, C. P.

Ritter, K. J.

K. J. Ritter and T. D. Wilkerson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 1 (1987).

Rothman, L. S.

Shoshan, I.

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495 (1977).

I. Shoshan and U. P. Oppenheim, Opt. Commun. 25, 375 (1978).

Simon, J. C.

F. Favre, D. LeGuen, J. C. Simon, and B. Landousiers, Electron. Lett. 22, 795 (1986).

Smith, M. A. H.

Stokes, L. F.

W. R. Trutna, Jr., and L. F. Stokes, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1279 (1993).

Toth, R. A.

Trutna, W. R.

W. R. Trutna, Jr., and L. F. Stokes, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1279 (1993).

Tünnermann, A.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

Vilhelmson, K.

O. Nilsson, E. Goobar, and K. Vilhelmson, in 16th European Conference on Optical Communication (IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990), p. 373.

Wandt, D.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

Weldon, V.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Perez-Camacho, and J. Hegarty, Electron. Lett. 32, 219 (1996).

Welling, H.

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

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K. J. Ritter and T. D. Wilkerson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 1 (1987).

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T. Day, M. Brownell, and I. F. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2378, 35 (1995).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Kroll, J. A. McClintock, and O. Ollinger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1465 (1987).

Electron. Lett.

V. Weldon, J. O’Gorman, J. J. Perez-Camacho, and J. Hegarty, Electron. Lett. 32, 219 (1996).

F. Favre, D. LeGuen, J. C. Simon, and B. Landousiers, Electron. Lett. 22, 795 (1986).

F. Favre and D. LeGuen, Electron. Lett. 27, 184 (1991).

J. Appl. Phys.

I. Shoshan, N. N. Danon, and U. P. Oppenheim, J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4495 (1977).

J. Lightwave Technol.

W. R. Trutna, Jr., and L. F. Stokes, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1279 (1993).

J. Mol. Spectrosc.

K. J. Ritter and T. D. Wilkerson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 121, 1 (1987).

Opt. Commun.

I. Shoshan and U. P. Oppenheim, Opt. Commun. 25, 375 (1978).

D. Wandt, M. Laschek, K. Przyklenk, A. Tünnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 130, 81 (1996).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

T. Day, M. Brownell, and I. F. Wu, Proc. SPIE 2378, 35 (1995).

Other

O. Nilsson, E. Goobar, and K. Vilhelmson, in 16th European Conference on Optical Communication (IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990), p. 373.

Joachim Sacher Lasertechnik, Am Kähnelplatz 8, 35037, Marburg, Germany.

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