Abstract

We passively Q switched a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 microchip crystal with an antiresonant Fabry–Perot saturable absorber and achieved single-frequency pulses as short as 56  ps. We can vary the pulse width from 56  ps to 30  ns and the repetition rate from 27  kHz up to 7  MHz by changing the design parameters of the saturable absorber and the pump power.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Zayhowski, J. Ochoa, and C. Dill, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 139.
  2. U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 21, 405 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 20, 716 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. L. Witt, R. Calawa, U. Mishra, and E. Weber, eds., Low Temperature (LT) GaAs and Related Materials, Vol. 241 of Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992).
  8. L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 19, 1427 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 21, 405 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

1994

1992

1991

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1976

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 21, 405 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brovelli, L. R.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Calasso, I.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Dill, C.

J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 20, 716 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 19, 1427 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Ochoa, and C. Dill, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 139.

Ferguson, J. F.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 21, 405 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, Opt. Lett. 21, 405 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, and T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, Opt. Lett. 17, 505 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

Miller, D. A. B.

Ochoa, J.

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Ochoa, and C. Dill, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 139.

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 20, 716 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill, Opt. Lett. 19, 1427 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Ochoa, and C. Dill, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 139.

Appl. Phys. B

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2220 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Eng.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. L. Witt, R. Calawa, U. Mishra, and E. Weber, eds., Low Temperature (LT) GaAs and Related Materials, Vol. 241 of Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992).

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Ochoa, and C. Dill, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 139.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Oscilloscope trace of the single-frequency, 56-ps-long, Q-switched pulse with a peak power of 1.1  kW and a repetition rate of 85  kHz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Layout of the Q-switched Nd:YVO 4 laser with an A-FPSA in direct contact with the crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulation of the Q-switching dynamics of a passively Q-switched laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Pulse width, (b) repetition rate, and (c) pulse energy of the Q-switched Nd:YVO 4 laser as a function of the pump power for different top reflectors on the A-FPSA.

Equations (2)

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τp=1.76τ=1.762TRΔR,
frepg02ΔRτL,

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