Abstract

We study experimentally the collision of photorefractive screening solitons in a strontium barium niobate crystal. Depending on the relative phase of the solitons and their intersecting angle, such effects as soliton birth, energy exchange, and soliton fusion have been observed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1996 (4)

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sheng, Y. Cui, N. Cheng, and Y. Wei, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 584 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 1538 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (4)

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zazulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 120, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Commun. 100, 186 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Snyder and A. P. Sheppard, Opt. Lett. 18, 482 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

B. Luther-Davies and X. Yang, Opt. Lett. 17, 498 (1992); X. Yang, B. Luther-Davies, and W. Królikowski, Int. J. Non-Linear Opt. Phys. 2, 339 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Gatz and J. Herrmann, Opt. Lett. 17, 484 (1992); J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2296 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, and F. Reynaud, Opt. Lett. 17, 844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

K. I. Pushkarov, D. I. Pushkarov, and I. V. Tomov, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 471 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 61, 118 (1971) [Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972)].

Akhmediev, N.

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Commun. 100, 186 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

A. A. Zazulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ankiewicz, A.

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Commun. 100, 186 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

Carvalho, M. I.

M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 120, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Christodoulides, D. N.

M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 120, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Christou, J.

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, S.

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Crosignani, B.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

De La Fuente, R.

R. De La Fuente and A. Barthelemy, Opt. Lett. 16, 783 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Di Porto, P.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enns, R. H.

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

Gatz, S.

Herrmann, J.

Hong, B. J.

Iturbe-Castillo, M. D.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

Królikowski, W.

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ladouceur, F.

Luther-Davies, B.

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Luther-Davies and X. Yang, Opt. Lett. 17, 498 (1992); X. Yang, B. Luther-Davies, and W. Królikowski, Int. J. Non-Linear Opt. Phys. 2, 339 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maneuf, S.

Marquez-Aguilar, P. A.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, D. J.

Nozaki, K.

Poladian, L.

Pushkarov, D. I.

K. I. Pushkarov, D. I. Pushkarov, and I. V. Tomov, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 471 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pushkarov, K. I.

K. I. Pushkarov, D. I. Pushkarov, and I. V. Tomov, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 471 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Rangnekar, S. S.

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, F.

Salamo, G.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, S.

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

M. Shih and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 1538 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shabat, A. B.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 61, 118 (1971) [Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972)].

Shalaby, M.

Sheng, Z.

Sheppard, A. P.

Shih, M.

M. Shih and M. Segev, Opt. Lett. 21, 1538 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S. R.

M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 120, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

Stepanov, S.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonenko, V.

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomov, I. V.

K. I. Pushkarov, D. I. Pushkarov, and I. V. Tomov, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 471 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vysloukh, V.

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

Yang, C. C.

Yang, X.

B. Luther-Davies and X. Yang, Opt. Lett. 17, 498 (1992); X. Yang, B. Luther-Davies, and W. Królikowski, Int. J. Non-Linear Opt. Phys. 2, 339 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zakharov, V. E.

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 61, 118 (1971) [Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972)].

Zazulya, A. A.

A. A. Zazulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, P. A. Marquez-Aguilar, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, S. Stepanov, and V. Vysloukh, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 408 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. Cowan, R. H. Enns, S. S. Rangnekar, and S. Sanghera, Can. J. Phys. 64, 311 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, Electron. Lett. 31, 826 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Commun. 120, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Opt. Commun. 100, 186 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. I. Pushkarov, D. I. Pushkarov, and I. V. Tomov, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 471 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. A. Zazulya and D. Z. Anderson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1520 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. Di Porto, and A. Yariv, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tikhonenko, J. Christou, and B. Luther-Davies, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2698 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

V. E. Zakharov and A. B. Shabat, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 61, 118 (1971) [Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 62 (1972)].

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used for collision of screening solitons in photorefractive strontium barium niobate (SBN) crystal: M1, M2, mirrors; BS's, beam splitters; L1, L2, lenses; PZT, piezoelectric transducer. V, voltage.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-dependent energy exchange between colliding solitons: (a) relative phase close to 90°, (b) relative phase close to -90°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-dependent collision of two initially identical solitons: (a) in-phase solitons, (b) out-of-phase solitons.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Birth of a new soliton upon soliton collision (vertical geometry of interaction).

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