Abstract

We demonstrate that multiple coexisting frequency-conversion processes can occur in an externally resonant second-harmonic generator under suitable conditions. Besides the generation of signal and idler waves by subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillation, sum-frequency mixing among the resonant subharmonic (1064-nm), signal, and idler waves was observed, leading to additional emission wavelengths around the harmonic wavelength (532  nm). The output waves both exhibit high frequency stability, with as long as 4  h of mode-hop-free parametric oscillation, and are continuously tunable over 2  GHz. Near degeneracy the parametric oscillator operates as an optical limiter for the harmonic wave.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Schiller, R. Bruckmeier, and A. G. White, “Classical and quantum properties of the subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. Optical limiting in SPO was independently observed in Ref.  5.

1996 (3)

1995 (1)

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Alexander, J. I.

Bachor, H. A.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Bosenberg, W. R.

Breitenbach, G.

S. Schiller, G. Breitenbach, R. Paschotta, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3374 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruckmeier, R.

K. Schneider, R. Bruckmeier, H. Hansen, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Lett. 21, 1396 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, R. Bruckmeier, and A. G. White, “Classical and quantum properties of the subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Byer, R. L.

Danzmann, K.

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Eckardt, R. C.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

Golla, D.

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, H.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Lam, P. K.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Lee, D.

Marte, M. A. M.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

McClelland, D. E.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Mlynek, J.

K. Schneider, R. Bruckmeier, H. Hansen, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Lett. 21, 1396 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, G. Breitenbach, R. Paschotta, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3374 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nabors, C. D.

Paschotta, R.

S. Schiller, G. Breitenbach, R. Paschotta, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3374 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

S. Schiller, G. Breitenbach, R. Paschotta, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3374 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider, R. Bruckmeier, H. Hansen, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, Opt. Lett. 21, 1396 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, R. Bruckmeier, and A. G. White, “Classical and quantum properties of the subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Schneider, K.

Siegman, A. E.

Taubman, M. S.

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Tünnermann, A.

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

White, A. G.

S. Schiller, R. Bruckmeier, and A. G. White, “Classical and quantum properties of the subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Wong, N. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

I. Freitag, D. Golla, A. Tünnermann, H. Welling, and K. Danzmann, Appl. Phys. B 60, 255 (1995).

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Schiller, G. Breitenbach, R. Paschotta, and J. Mlynek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3374 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (3)

S. Schiller, R. Bruckmeier, and A. G. White, “Classical and quantum properties of the subharmonic-pumped parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. G. White, P. K. Lam, M. S. Taubman, M. A. M. Marte, S. Schiller, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Classical and quantum signatures of competing  χ (2)   nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Optical limiting in SPO was independently observed in Ref.  5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Frequency-conversion processes occurring in the present SPO. (b) Schematic of the experimental setup. The MgO:LiNbO3 crystal is located in an oven (not shown). SFG, sum frequency generation. FPI, Fabry–Perot interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fabry–Perot interferometer spectrum of the SPO pumped at a subharmonic power of 1  W. The conversion efficiency to signal plus idler is 20%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrometer measurements of the SPO output at (a) 1064 and (b) 532  nm, respectively. Both spectra are taken at 118.2 °C and a pump power of 900  mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical limiting: time traces of the subharmonic and harmonic output powers at a crystal temperature, where the SHG efficiency is at its maximum. The data were recorded while the injected subharmonic power was changed manually. The generated harmonic power is clamped to a nearly constant level for input powers exceeding the SPO threshold.

Equations (1)

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Δωc=12π2ϕω2-1/2,

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