Abstract

Two sensitive techniques for temperature imaging by use of acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence, applicable at temperatures up to 1000  K, are introduced and demonstrated. Photophysics data on the wavelength-dependent temperature variation of acetone fluorescence permit the implementation of a single-wavelength technique in environments with constant pressure and constant acetone mole fraction, and a dual-wavelength method can be applied in flows with mixing and (or) chemical reaction. Preliminary imaging results are presented for acetone–air flow over a heated cylinder (single-wavelength strategy) and for a heated laminar jet (dual-wavelength strategy).

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. T. Clemens and P. H. Paul, Combust. Flame 102, 271 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Grisch, M. C. Thurber, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections and fluorescence yields for acetone: implications for temperature and concentration measurements,” to be submitted to Appl. Phys. B.
  7. F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. P. Tait and D. A. Greenhalgh, in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), p. 1621.
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. K. McMillin, J. L. Palmer, and R. K. Hanson, Appl. Opt. 32, 7532 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Heicklen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3863 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. A. Hansen and E. K. C. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. T. Clemens and P. H. Paul, Combust. Flame 102, 271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

B. K. McMillin, J. L. Palmer, and R. K. Hanson, Appl. Opt. 32, 7532 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

D. A. Hansen and E. K. C. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

J. Heicklen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3863 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, P.

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beushausen, V.

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Clemens, N. T.

N. T. Clemens and P. H. Paul, Combust. Flame 102, 271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Greenhalgh, D. A.

N. P. Tait and D. A. Greenhalgh, in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), p. 1621.
[CrossRef]

Grisch, F.

F. Grisch, M. C. Thurber, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections and fluorescence yields for acetone: implications for temperature and concentration measurements,” to be submitted to Appl. Phys. B.

Grossmann, F.

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, D. A.

D. A. Hansen and E. K. C. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. K. McMillin, J. L. Palmer, and R. K. Hanson, Appl. Opt. 32, 7532 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Grisch, M. C. Thurber, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections and fluorescence yields for acetone: implications for temperature and concentration measurements,” to be submitted to Appl. Phys. B.

Heicklen, J.

J. Heicklen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3863 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E. K. C.

D. A. Hansen and E. K. C. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lozano, A.

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McMillin, B. K.

Miller, M. F.

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Monkhouse, P. B.

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mungal, M. G.

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, J. L.

Paul, P. H.

N. T. Clemens and P. H. Paul, Combust. Flame 102, 271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ridder, M.

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schluter, H.

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sick, V.

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. H.

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tait, N. P.

N. P. Tait and D. A. Greenhalgh, in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), p. 1621.
[CrossRef]

Thurber, M. C.

F. Grisch, M. C. Thurber, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections and fluorescence yields for acetone: implications for temperature and concentration measurements,” to be submitted to Appl. Phys. B.

Wolff, D.

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, J.

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yip, B.

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

A. Lozano, S. H. Smith, M. G. Mungal, and R. K. Hanson, AIAA J. 32, 218 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, Appl. Phys. B 62, 249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. (1)

D. Wolff, H. Schluter, V. Beushausen, and P. Andresen, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1738 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame (1)

N. T. Clemens and P. H. Paul, Combust. Flame 102, 271 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids (2)

A. Lozano, B. Yip, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 13, 369 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Yip, M. F. Miller, A. Lozano, and R. K. Hanson, Exp. Fluids 17, 330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. Heicklen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3863 (1958).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. A. Hansen and E. K. C. Lee, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 183 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Grisch, M. C. Thurber, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature-dependent absorption cross-sections and fluorescence yields for acetone: implications for temperature and concentration measurements,” to be submitted to Appl. Phys. B.

N. P. Tait and D. A. Greenhalgh, in Twenty-Fourth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1992), p. 1621.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Plots of Sf+ (fluorescence per unit laser energy per unit mole fraction) with temperature at p=1  atm, normalized to the room-temperature value. (b) Temperature behavior of the fluorescence ratio, generated by dividing one curve of Sf+ by another.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Estimated random uncertainties attainable with different diagnostic approaches for a shot-noise-limited experiment: solid curves, single-wavelength technique; dotted curves, dual-wavelength technique.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot temperature image in a heated cylinder flow, generated with the single-wavelength technique by use of 248-nm excitation and the geometry shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dual-wavelength acetone PLIF temperature image of a heated jet. Separate single-shot images with 308- and 248-nm excitation are acquired and ratioed.

Equations (2)

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Sf(λ,T)=ηoptΩ4πEhc/λdVcnabs(T)σ(λ,T)ϕ(λ,T).
Sf+(λ,T)pTσ(λ,T)ϕ(λ,T),

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