Abstract

We present results showing that, when it is used as a photodetector, a light-emitting diode (LED) has a power-dependent response that can be used for sensitive detection and characterization of picosecond and femtosecond laser pulses. A characterization of a typical LED is presented at 800  nm, and we demonstrate how this effect can be used to construct an extremely compact novel autocorrelator based on a Wollaston prism.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).
  3. J.-C. M. Diels, J. J. Fontaine, I. C. McMichael, and F. Simoni, Appl. Opt. 24, 1270 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Okamoto, S. Kawata, and S. Minami, Appl. Spectrosc. 40, 691 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Françon and S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley Interscience, London, 1971), Chap. 2, pp. 25–31.
  7. K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Prein, S. Diddams, and J.-C. Diels, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 225.

1997 (1)

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

Auld, B. A.

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Bloom, D. M.

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bollond, P. G.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Diddams, S.

S. Prein, S. Diddams, and J.-C. Diels, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 225.

Diels, J.-C.

S. Prein, S. Diddams, and J.-C. Diels, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 225.

Diels, J.-C. M.

Dudley, J. M.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, J. J.

Françon, M.

M. Françon and S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley Interscience, London, 1971), Chap. 2, pp. 25–31.

Harvey, A. R.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Hou, A. S.

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kawata, S.

Leonhardt, R.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Li, K. D.

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mallick, S.

M. Françon and S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley Interscience, London, 1971), Chap. 2, pp. 25–31.

McGowan, C.

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

McMichael, I. C.

Minami, S.

Okamoto, T.

Ozbay, E.

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[Crossref]

Prein, S.

S. Prein, S. Diddams, and J.-C. Diels, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 225.

Reid, D. T.

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Simoni, F.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. D. Li, A. S. Hou, E. Ozbay, B. A. Auld, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 3104 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 134, 186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M. Françon and S. Mallick, Polarization Interferometers (Wiley Interscience, London, 1971), Chap. 2, pp. 25–31.

L. P. Barry, P. G. Bollond, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, and R. Leonhardt, “Autocorrelation of ultrashort pulses at 1.5 µm based on the nonlinear response of silicon photodiodes,” Electron. Lett. (to be published).

S. Prein, S. Diddams, and J.-C. Diels, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 225.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Response of the AlGaAs LED to focused laser radiation at 800  nm. Circles, 80-fs pulses; squares, 1-ps pulses, triangles, cw output (femtosecond laser); diamonds, cw output (picosecond laser). Best-fit quadratic profiles are shown for femtosecond mode-locked pulses (dashed diagonal lines; 2% error) and picosecond mode-locked pulses (dotted diagonal lines; 1% error). Also shown are best-fit linear profiles for cw illumination from the femtosecond laser (dashed diagonal lines; 1.6% error) and the picosecond laser (dotted diagonal lines; 5% error).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wollaston-prism-based autocorrelator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interferometric autocorrelators obtained (a) with a Michelson interferometer, a nonlinear crystal, and a photomultiplier; (b) a Michelson interferometer and a LED; and (c) a Wollaston prism and a LED. The respective pulse durations inferred from the profiles are 81, 85, and 88 fs.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Common Wollaston-Prism Materials for Autocorrelator Applicationsa

Equations (3)

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α=2(ne-no) tan θ,
Δ=2d(ne-no) tan θ,
β=(ne+no)θ/2neno.

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