Abstract

Efficient internal-loop self-pumped phase conjugation is demonstrated in a photorefractive rhodium-doped barium titanate crystal by repetitively pulsed nanosecond pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.06µm. Phase-conjugate reflectivities as high as 32% are obtained with a response time of 5 min at a repetition rate of 30  Hz. The ability of the phase conjugator to correct severe phase distortions is also demonstrated.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and K. S. Syed, Opt. Lett. 20, 1704 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Brignon and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 20, 1710 (1995); Opt. Lett. 21, 1126 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Mager, C. Laquarnoy, G. Pauliat, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Lett. 19, 1508 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1995 (6)

M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J.-P. Huignard, and J.-P. Pocholle, Opt. Lett. 20, 548 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and K. S. Syed, Opt. Lett. 20, 1704 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Brignon and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 20, 1710 (1995); Opt. Lett. 21, 1126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek and R. W. Eason, Opt. Lett. 20, 1850 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985); B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, and F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983); N. Barry, L. Duffault, R. Troth, R. Ramos-Garcia, and M. J. Damzen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Barry, N. P.

M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bel'dyugin, I. M.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Berenberg, V. A.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

Brost, G. A.

Buttinger, M.

M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985); B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, and F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and K. S. Syed, Opt. Lett. 20, 1704 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

M. Kaczmarek and R. W. Eason, Opt. Lett. 20, 1850 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M.

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Feugnet, G.

Garrett, M. H.

L. Mager, C. Laquarnoy, G. Pauliat, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Lett. 19, 1508 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.

Green, R. P. M.

Hesse, H.

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hribek, P.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

Kaczmarek, M.

Kharchenko, M. A.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

Kröse, H.

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laquarnoy, C.

Lau, K. Y.

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985); B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, and F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mager, L.

McNamara, T. W.

C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.

Mochalov, I. V.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Motes, R. A.

Nelson, C. C.

Pauliat, G.

Petnikova, V. M.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petrovskii, G. T.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J.-P.

Roosen, G.

Ross, G. W.

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rotge, J. R.

Rytz, D.

L. Mager, C. Laquarnoy, G. Pauliat, M. H. Garrett, D. Rytz, and G. Roosen, Opt. Lett. 19, 1508 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Scharfschwerdt, R.

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schirmer, O. F.

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, R. N.

Shuvalov, V. V.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Syed, K. S.

Tayebati, P.

C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983); N. Barry, L. Duffault, R. Troth, R. Ramos-Garcia, and M. J. Damzen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, A. E.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Warde, C.

C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.

Wechsler, B. A.

Yariv, A.

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985); B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, and F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, P.

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, Appl. Phys. B 61, 1 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, Appl. Phys. B 63, 315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, K. Y. Lau, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 567 (1985); B. T. Anderson, P. R. Forman, and F. C. Jahoda, Opt. Lett. 10, 627 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. C. Valley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1637 (1983); N. Barry, L. Duffault, R. Troth, R. Ramos-Garcia, and M. J. Damzen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1758 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. J. Damzen, N. P. Barry, and M. Buttinger, J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2051 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. W. Ross, P. Hribek, R. W. Eason, M. H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, Opt. Commun. 101, 60 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Ewbank and P. Yeh, Proc. SPIE 613, 59 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. M. Bel'dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil'ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Warde, T. W. McNamara, M. H. Garrett, and P. Tayebati, in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Applications, P. Yeh and C. Gu, eds., Vol. CR48 of SPIE Critical Review Series (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), paper CR48-07.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for SPPC in Rh:BaTiO3 with 1064-nm nanosecond pulses from a repetitively pulsed Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Steady-state phase-conjugate reflectivity versus angle of incidence ϕ for an input fluence of Uin=240 mJ/cm2 and for a 10-Hz repetition rate. The solid curve is a guide for the eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SPPC reflectivity behavior with time at (a) a 10-Hz repetition rate and (b) a 30-Hz repetition rate. The experimental curves are given for various incident energy fluences Uin. ϕ=55°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Steady-state SPPC reflectivity and (b) SPPC response time versus input fluence Uin for various repetition rates. ϕ=55°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near-field spatial beam profiles: (a) incident beam from the Nd:YAG laser, (b) resulting phase-conjugate return beam, (c) incident beam distorted by the introduction of a phase plate aberrator, and (d) phase-conjugate beam corrected for aberration caused by the aberrator.

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