Abstract

A very strong 10-8 esu femtosecond cubic nonlinearity in metallic indium that increased sharply in magnitude as the temperature approached the melting point was observed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. I. Zheludev, P. J. Bennett, H. Loh, S. V. Popov, I. R. Shatwell, Y. P. Svirko, V. E. Gusev, V. Kamalov, and E. V. Slobodchikov, Opt. Lett. 20, 1368 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. Shimoji, Liquid Metals (Academic, London, 1977); T. E. Faber, Introduction to the Theory of Liquid Metals (Cambridge U.  Press, Cambridge, 1972).
  3. N. W. Ashcroft and W. E. Lawrence, Phys. Rev. 175, 938 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Hafner and W. Jank, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11530 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. R. Barman and D. D. Sarma, Phys. Rev. B 51, 4007 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).
  7. M. L. Theye and G. Devant, Thin Solid Films 4, 205 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Solid State Phys. 5, 2503 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. N. Hodgson, Philos. Mag. 7, 229 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. R. Comins, Philos. Mag. 25, 817 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Zyss, ed., Molecular Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994).
  13. S. V. Popov, N. I. Zheludev, and Yu. P. Svirko, Opt. Lett. 19, 13 (1994); Yu. P. Svirko and N. I. Zheludev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1388 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W. P. Dumke, Phys. Rev. 15, 1813 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  15. V. F. Gantmaher and I. B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

J. Hafner and W. Jank, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11530 (1990).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Solid State Phys. 5, 2503 (1972).
[Crossref]

N. R. Comins, Philos. Mag. 25, 817 (1972).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

M. L. Theye and G. Devant, Thin Solid Films 4, 205 (1969).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

N. W. Ashcroft and W. E. Lawrence, Phys. Rev. 175, 938 (1968).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

1962 (1)

J. N. Hodgson, Philos. Mag. 7, 229 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

W. P. Dumke, Phys. Rev. 15, 1813 (1961).
[Crossref]

Ashcroft, N. W.

N. W. Ashcroft and W. E. Lawrence, Phys. Rev. 175, 938 (1968).
[Crossref]

Barman, S. R.

S. R. Barman and D. D. Sarma, Phys. Rev. B 51, 4007 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bennett, P. J.

Comins, N. R.

N. R. Comins, Philos. Mag. 25, 817 (1972).
[Crossref]

Devant, G.

M. L. Theye and G. Devant, Thin Solid Films 4, 205 (1969).
[Crossref]

Dumke, W. P.

W. P. Dumke, Phys. Rev. 15, 1813 (1961).
[Crossref]

Gantmaher, V. F.

V. F. Gantmaher and I. B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

Golovashkin, A. I.

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

Gusev, V. E.

Hafner, J.

J. Hafner and W. Jank, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11530 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hodgson, J. N.

J. N. Hodgson, Philos. Mag. 7, 229 (1962).
[Crossref]

Jank, W.

J. Hafner and W. Jank, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11530 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kamalov, V.

Koyama, R. Y.

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, W. E.

N. W. Ashcroft and W. E. Lawrence, Phys. Rev. 175, 938 (1968).
[Crossref]

Levchenko, I. S.

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

Levinson, I. B.

V. F. Gantmaher and I. B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

Loh, H.

Mathewson, A. G.

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Solid State Phys. 5, 2503 (1972).
[Crossref]

Motulevich, G. P.

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

Myers, H. P.

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Solid State Phys. 5, 2503 (1972).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

Sarma, D. D.

S. R. Barman and D. D. Sarma, Phys. Rev. B 51, 4007 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shatwell, I. R.

Shimoji, M.

M. Shimoji, Liquid Metals (Academic, London, 1977); T. E. Faber, Introduction to the Theory of Liquid Metals (Cambridge U.  Press, Cambridge, 1972).

Shubin, A. A.

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

Slobodchikov, E. V.

Smith, N. V.

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
[Crossref]

Spicer, W. E.

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
[Crossref]

Svirko, Y. P.

Svirko, Yu. P.

Theye, M. L.

M. L. Theye and G. Devant, Thin Solid Films 4, 205 (1969).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Mag. (2)

J. N. Hodgson, Philos. Mag. 7, 229 (1962).
[Crossref]

N. R. Comins, Philos. Mag. 25, 817 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (3)

W. P. Dumke, Phys. Rev. 15, 1813 (1961).
[Crossref]

R. Y. Koyama, N. V. Smith, and W. E. Spicer, Phys. Rev. 8, 2426 (1973).
[Crossref]

N. W. Ashcroft and W. E. Lawrence, Phys. Rev. 175, 938 (1968).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Hafner and W. Jank, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11530 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. R. Barman and D. D. Sarma, Phys. Rev. B 51, 4007 (1995).
[Crossref]

Solid State Phys. (1)

A. G. Mathewson and H. P. Myers, Solid State Phys. 5, 2503 (1972).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

A. I. Golovashkin, I. S. Levchenko, G. P. Motulevich, and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1093 (1967); G. P. Motulevich and A. A. Shubin, Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 33 (1963).

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. L. Theye and G. Devant, Thin Solid Films 4, 205 (1969).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M. Shimoji, Liquid Metals (Academic, London, 1977); T. E. Faber, Introduction to the Theory of Liquid Metals (Cambridge U.  Press, Cambridge, 1972).

V. F. Gantmaher and I. B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

J. Zyss, ed., Molecular Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Indium across the phase transition from solid to molten state: (a) induced reflected probe-polarization rotation at zero pump-probe delay (b) reflectivity of the indium–glass interface.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Induced reflected probe polarization rotation as a function of (a) pump-probe delay at various temperatures in solid and liquid indium and (b) pump intensity in solid indium (100% corresponds to 3.6 GW cm-2).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

PiNL=χijkm3ω, ω, -ωEjEkEm*.
βr=±1-R2n0Rnn12Imχ exp-iϕ2π2I±c,
W+-W-W++W-=4N-Nρω,
α+-α-=2µ2α21-Rτρω2τsτ-12I+.
Imχf exp-iψ=2µ2n22n1nτπ2ρ2ωτsτ-12.

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