Abstract

A new two-wave-mixing interaction with gain through a Bi12SiO20 liquid-crystal light valve is presented. We show that the diffraction of a pump beam in the direction of a weak signal leads to a net amplification of the signal beam, with no need for a phase shift between the interference pattern and the induced index grating. A two-wave-mixing gain of 10 and a 150-ms response time are obtained with a 8.8-µm-thick liquid-crystal layer, a total intensity of the interacting beams of only 200 µW/cm2, and an ac external voltage of ±6 V. Image amplification is also demonstrated.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).
  2. P. Aubourg, J.-P. Huignard, M. Hareng, and R. A. Mullen, Appl. Opt. 21, 3706 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Marom and U. Efron, Opt. Lett. 12, 504 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Januszko and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 272 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1268 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. C. Khoo and T. H. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 171 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, JETP 78, 875 (1994); I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 108–114.
  14. S. Bartkiewicz and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 219 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. Januszko and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 219 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, JETP 78, 875 (1994); I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Marom and U. Efron, Opt. Lett. 12, 504 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo and T. H. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 171 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1268 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aubourg, P.

Bartkiewicz, S.

S. Bartkiewicz and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 219 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Efron, U.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 108–114.

Garibyan, O. V.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 108–114.

P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

Hareng, M.

Huignard, J.-P.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Aubourg, J.-P. Huignard, M. Hareng, and R. A. Mullen, Appl. Opt. 21, 3706 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

Januszko, A.

A. Januszko and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kayoun, P. H.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo and T. H. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 171 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1268 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kompanets, I. N.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kondilenko, V.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T. H.

I. C. Khoo and T. H. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 171 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Markov, V.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Marom, E.

Maurin, J.

L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A.

A. Januszko and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 219 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, R. A.

Odoulov, S.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Parfyonov, A. V.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetsky, N. F.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 108–114.

Richard, L.

L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rudenko, E. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, JETP 78, 875 (1994); I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, V. V.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Staebler, D. L.

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sudarkin, A. N.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sukhov, A. V.

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, JETP 78, 875 (1994); I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tabiryan, N. V.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, A. A.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Zel'dovich, B. Ya.

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. (2)

A. Januszko and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz and A. Miniewicz, Adv. Mater. Opt. Electron. 6, 219 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1268 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo and T. H. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 171 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

F. Sanchez, P. H. Kayoun, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1042 (1972).
[CrossRef]

JETP (1)

E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, JETP 78, 875 (1994); I. C. Khoo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. Richard, J. Maurin, and J.-P. Huignard, Opt. Commun. 57, 365 (1986).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Garibyan, I. N. Kompanets, A. V. Parfyonov, N. F. Pilipetsky, V. V. Shkunov, A. N. Sudarkin, A. V. Sukhov, N. V. Tabiryan, A. A. Vasiliev, and B. Ya. Zel'dovich, Opt. Commun. 38, 67 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), pp. 108–114.

P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the TWM interaction geometry in a BSO LCLV. (b) Experimental liquid-crystal refractive index as a function of the incident intensity upon the BSO LCLV for V0=10 V and F=25 Hz. We obtained this curve by placing the LCLV in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TWM gain versus total intensity I0=I10+I20 for various applied voltage frequencies F. β=400, Λ=450 µm. For each point we optimized the gain by choosing the appropriate value of V0 from 0 to 15  V. The curves are a guide for the eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

TWM gain as a function of the grating period Λ. I0=260 µW/cm2, β=225, V08 V, F=25 Hz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

TWM gain as a function of the pump–signal-beam ratio β. I0=I10+I20=250 µW/cm2, Λ=450 µm, F=25 Hz. For each point we optimized the gain by choosing the appropriate value of V0 from 0 to 15  V.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a), (c) Images transmitted through the LCLV without the pump beam. (b), (d) 5×-amplified image in the presence of the pump beam. V09 V, F=25 Hz, I0=250 µW/cm2, β=150, θ=2 mrad.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n=n1+Δn cos2π/Λx,
Δn=2n2 I10I201/2,
A2z=A20-iη1/2 A10,
G=I2Lwith A1 presentI2Lwith A1 absent=1+2πλn2I102 L2.

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