Abstract

A rapid-scanning optical delay line that employs phase control has several advantages, including high speed, high duty cycle, phase- and group-delay independence, and group-velocity dispersion compensation, over existing optical delay methods for interferometric optical ranging applications. We discuss the grating-based phase-control delay line and its applications to interferometric optical ranging and measurement techniques such as optical coherence domain reflectometry and optical coherence tomography. The system performs optical ranging over an axial range of 3  mm with a scanning rate of 6 m/s and a repetition rate of 2  kHz. The device is especially well suited for applications such as optical coherence tomography that require high-speed, repetitive, linear delay line scanning with a high duty cycle.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, and J. Noda, Appl. Opt. 26, 1603 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. C. Youngquist, S. Carr, and D. E. N. Davies, Opt. Lett. 12, 158 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1408 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Ballif, R. Gianotti, P. Chavanne, R. Walti, and R. P. Salathe, Opt. Lett. 22, 757 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. B. Su, Opt. Lett. 22, 665 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, Opt. Commun. 36, 406 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. G. Luke, R. McBride, and J. D. C. Jones, Opt. Lett. 20, 2550 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Sergeev, V. Gelikonov, and A. Gelikonov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 349.
  10. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and R. N. Thurston, Opt. Lett. 10, 609 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Tomlison, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, Opt. Lett. 15, 326 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. F. Kwong, D. Yankelevich, K. C. Chu, J. P. Heritage, and A. Dienes, Opt. Lett. 18, 558 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, I. P. Bilinsky, B. Golubovic, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1839 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 17, 937 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-33, 59 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (3)

J. Ballif, R. Gianotti, P. Chavanne, R. Walti, and R. P. Salathe, Opt. Lett. 22, 757 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Su, Opt. Lett. 22, 665 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1987 (3)

1986 (1)

R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Tomlison, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1981 (1)

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, Opt. Commun. 36, 406 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Amer, N. M.

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, Opt. Commun. 36, 406 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ballif, J.

Bilinsky, I. P.

Boppart, S. A.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

Brezinski, M. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carr, S.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chavanne, P.

Chida, K.

Chu, K. C.

Davies, D. E. N.

Dienes, A.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fujomoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelikonov, A.

A. Sergeev, V. Gelikonov, and A. Gelikonov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 349.

Gelikonov, V.

A. Sergeev, V. Gelikonov, and A. Gelikonov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 349.

Gianotti, R.

Golubovic, B.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, J. D. C.

Kwong, K. F.

Leaird, D. E.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luke, D. G.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-33, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

McBride, R.

Noda, J.

Patel, J. S.

Petricevic, V.

Pitris, C.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salathe, R. P.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seas, A.

Sergeev, A.

A. Sergeev, V. Gelikonov, and A. Gelikonov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 349.

Southern, J. F.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, C. B.

Swanson, E. A.

G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, B. Golubovic, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 1408 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, K.

Tearney, G. J.

Thurston, R. N.

R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Tomlison, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and R. N. Thurston, Opt. Lett. 10, 609 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlison, W. J.

R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Tomlison, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Walti, R.

Weiner, A. M.

Wullert, J. R.

Yankelevich, D.

Yasa, Z. A.

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, Opt. Commun. 36, 406 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

Youngquist, R. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner, and W. J. Tomlison, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 682 (1986).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-33, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. A. Yasa and N. M. Amer, Opt. Commun. 36, 406 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (10)

Science (2)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujomoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 276, 2037 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Sergeev, V. Gelikonov, and A. Gelikonov, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 349.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the phase-control RSOD line (top view). Light is incident at θi upon a diffraction grating with groove spacing d. The diffracted light traverses a lens that is separated from the tilted mirror by the focal length of the lens, f. The mirror, tilted at an angle γ, redirects the light back through the system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation functions for several lateral mirror offsets x0.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interferogram temporal delay as a function of sample translation distance. The data are compared with a line of slope -0.157 µs/µm. The galvanometer in the RSOD line was driven with a 1-kHz triangle waveform.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and theoretical heterodyne modulation frequency versus scanning mirror lateral translation.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

lgγ=2fλ0γd cosθ0,
ϕλ, t=4πfγtλθ0-arcsinλd-sinθi+x0f.
ϕλ0, t=4πΓtx0/λ.
fRSOD=2Γx0/λ0.

Metrics