Abstract

We report guiding of sub-100-fs pulses at intensities up to 5×1015 W/cm2 over a distance of 1  cm in a preformed plasma channel. The width of the guided pulse was shortened, which we attribute to ionization-induced refraction at the channel entrance. A pulse energy throughput of 30% in the lowest-order was measured.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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1997 (3)

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen, Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995); Y. Erlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186 (1996); K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047 (1997); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

T. Tajima and J. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, IEEE J. Plasma Sci. 24, 252 (1996); H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and J. Lynch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 731 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Antonsen, T. M.

P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen, Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J.

T. Tajima and J. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, IEEE J. Plasma Sci. 24, 252 (1996); H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and J. Lynch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 731 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995); Y. Erlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186 (1996); K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047 (1997); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

LeBlanc, S. P.

Lynch, J.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995); Y. Erlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186 (1996); K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047 (1997); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995); Y. Erlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186 (1996); K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047 (1997); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mora, P.

P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen, Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

T. Tajima and J. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, IEEE J. Plasma Sci. 24, 252 (1996); H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and J. Lynch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 731 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen, Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995); Y. Erlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186 (1996); K. Krushelnick, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, H. R. Burris, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and M. Baine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4047 (1997); P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, Phys. Rev. E 54, 4211 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Tajima and J. Dawson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267 (1979)E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, IEEE J. Plasma Sci. 24, 252 (1996); H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and J. Lynch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 731 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2373 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-correlation function of the Nd:YAG and Ti:sapphire oscillators. The width of the curve is 109  ps (FWHM).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FROG traces and retrieved intensity and phase for (a) input of the plasma channel (evacuated chamber), (b) output of the plasma channel, (c) input of the gas jet (evacuated chamber), and (d) on-axis output of the gas jet.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field on-axis laser intensity versus time for a range of gas jet pressures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferometric image showing the effect on electron density of the coupling of a 100-fs, 10mJ Ti:sapphire pulse focused at f/12 (vacuum intensity, 1017 W/cm2) into the end of a channel formed in a 20/380Torr N2O/Ar gas mixture. The delay between the channel-forming pulse and the injected Ti:sapphire pulse is 4  ns, and the interferometry probe delay with respect to the Ti:sapphire pulse is 700  ps. The Ti:sapphire pulse path can be followed from right to left as the bright region resulting from refraction of the probe owing to excess ionization produced by the guided pulse.

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