Abstract

We demonstrate second-harmonic generation in a doubly resonant semiconductor microcavity. The monolithic cavity consists of an AlGaAs active medium sandwiched between two AlGaAs/AlAs dual-wavelength mirrors. The mirrors do not have any apparent periodicity because, unlike single- or dual-wavelength Bragg reflectors, they are engineered with dispersion taken into account. Quasi-phase matching is obtained by addition of the appropriate phases at reflection so as to compensate for the dephasing between the fundamental and the second-harmonic fields.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Jewell, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 2 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Lodenkamper, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Bacher, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. 18, 1798 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. P. Van Der Ziel and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).
  12. D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Lodenkamper, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Bacher, and J. S. Harris, Opt. Lett. 18, 1798 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

J. Jewell, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 2 (1992).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. P. Van Der Ziel and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Azoulay, R.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bacher, M. M.

Beaulieu, Y.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bensoussan, M.

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Berger, V.

E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).

Bhat, R.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

Byer, R. L.

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fino, G.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fiore, A.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Iga, K.

K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ilegems, M.

J. P. Van Der Ziel and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jewell, J.

J. Jewell, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 2 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, S.

K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuszelewicz, R.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. P.

C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lodenkamper, R.

Lovering, D. J.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mars, D. E.

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McCaffrey, J. P.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Michel, J. C.

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Micoshiba, N.

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, S.

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J. L.

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Raj, R.

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rosencher, E.

E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).

Simonneau, C.

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. M.

C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, J. S.

C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Van Der Ziel, J. P.

J. P. Van Der Ziel and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Vinter, B.

E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).

Wasiliewski, Z. R.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. X.

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, N.

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

R. Kuszelewicz, J. L. Oudar, J. C. Michel, and R. Azoulay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2138 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3410 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, Y. Beaulieu, S. Janz, J. P. McCaffrey, Z. R. Wasiliewski, and D. X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2655 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Nakagawa, N. Yamada, N. Micoshiba, and D. E. Mars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2159 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Van Der Ziel and M. Ilegems, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 437 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

R. Raj, J. A. Levenson, J. L. Oudar, and M. Bensoussan, Electron. Lett. 29, 167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lovering, G. Fino, C. Simonneau, R. Kuszelewicz, R. Azoulay, and J. A. Levenson, Electron. Lett. 32, 1782 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Lee, C. M. Tsai, and J. S. Tsang, Electron. Lett. 29, 1980 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Iga, F. Koyama, and S. Kinoshita, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1845 (1985).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. Rosencher, B. Vinter, and V. Berger, J. Appl. Phys. 7860431995; V. Berger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1351 (1997).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Jewell, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 2 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified diagram of the doubly resonant vertical microcavity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured (solid curves) and predicted (dashed curves) stop bands around the fundamental (bottom pair) and the SH (top pair) wavelengths for an incidence normal to the layers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SH power as a function of the fundamental power (filled circles) and the predicted quadratic dependence (dashed curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (filled circles) and predicted (solid curve) SH power as a function of the angle of incidence. Dashed curve, prediction for a single resonant cavity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured (filled circles) and predicted (dotted curve) SH power as a function of the polarization of the fundamental. Inset, the same values but for out-of-cavity resonances (fundamental at 1511  nm).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

2kzωL-Φωfront-Φωback=2mπ,
2kz2ωL-Φ2ωfront-Φ2ωback=2mπ,
ΔkzL-Φ2ωback+2Φωback=2mπ,

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