Abstract

Raman spectra of germanosilicate core fibers before and after UV irradiation were investigated. Significant changes of the Raman spectra after irradiation indicate transformation of the glass structure. A possible interpretation of the observed changes is proposed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Kashyap, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 17 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Fiori and R. A. B. Devine, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2972 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. M. Cohen and R. Roy, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149 (1965).
  7. J. Arndt and D. Stöffler, Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 117 (1969).
  8. H. Sugiura and T. Yamadaya, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 151 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.
  10. H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. L. Galeener, Solid State Commun. 44, 1037 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 6, 6901 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  22. E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (3)

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

R. Kashyap, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Sugiura and T. Yamadaya, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

C. Fiori and R. A. B. Devine, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2972 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

F. L. Galeener, Solid State Commun. 44, 1037 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. Arndt and D. Stöffler, Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 117 (1969).

1965 (1)

H. M. Cohen and R. Roy, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149 (1965).

Anoikin, E. V.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arndt, J.

J. Arndt and D. Stöffler, Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 117 (1969).

Atkins, G. R.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brazhkin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

Chmel, A.

A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cochet, F.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, H. M.

H. M. Cohen and R. Roy, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149 (1965).

Devine, R. A. B.

C. Fiori and R. A. B. Devine, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2972 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

Duval, E.

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, D. J.

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fiori, C.

C. Fiori and R. A. B. Devine, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2972 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fonjallaz, P. Y.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener, Solid State Commun. 44, 1037 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Guenot, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kharshak, A. A.

A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kisliuk, A.

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuksenko, K. N.

A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mammone, J. C.

S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

Matson, D. W.

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Munekuni, S.

S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nagasawa, K.

K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Neustruev, V. B.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

Niay, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nicol, M. F.

S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Novikov, V. N.

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohki, Y.

K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Philpotts, J. A.

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Riant, I.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rothschild, M.

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Roush, T. L.

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Roy, R.

H. M. Cohen and R. Roy, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149 (1965).

Salathe, R. P.

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sansonetti, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sazhin, O. D.

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

Sceats, M. G.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S. K.

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shaver, D. C.

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shimogachi, Y.

S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sidorin, Y. S.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. P.

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stöffler, D.

J. Arndt and D. Stöffler, Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 117 (1969).

Sugiura, H.

H. Sugiura and T. Yamadaya, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sulimov, V. B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tohmon, R.

K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamadaya, T.

H. Sugiura and T. Yamadaya, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, T.

S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Rothschild, D. J. Ehrlich, and D. C. Shaver, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1276 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, R. P. Salathe, and F. Cochet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3069 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

E. M. Dianov, D. S. Starodubov, and A. A. Frolov, Electron. Lett. 32, 246 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Limberger, P. Y. Fonjallaz, and R. P. Salathe, Electron. Lett. 29, 47 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Munekuni, T. Yamanaka, and Y. Shimogachi, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 1212 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. N. Novikov, E. Duval, A. Kisliuk, and A. P. Sokolov, J. Chem. Phys. 102, 4691 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

A. Chmel, A. A. Kharshak, and K. N. Kuksenko, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 108, 194 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 243 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Sharma, D. W. Matson, J. A. Philpotts, and T. L. Roush, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 68, 99 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Sugiura and T. Yamadaya, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Mater. (1)

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condens. Mater. 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Nagasawa, R. Tohmon, and Y. Ohki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 148 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

S. K. Sharma, J. C. Mammone, and M. F. Nicol, Nature (London) 292, 140 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

R. Kashyap, Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 17 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Chem. Glasses (2)

H. M. Cohen and R. Roy, Phys. Chem. Glasses 6, 149 (1965).

J. Arndt and D. Stöffler, Phys. Chem. Glasses 10, 117 (1969).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Fiori and R. A. B. Devine, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2972 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, and B. Poumellec, Phys. Status Solidi A 158, 155 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

F. L. Galeener, Solid State Commun. 44, 1037 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, and V. V. Brazhkin, in Optical Fiber Communications, Vol.  6 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflectivity and Bragg wavelength of a grating written in the fiber with 25-mol.  % GeO2 in the core as a function of the total irradiation fluence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured Raman and luminescence spectra of 75-mol.  % SiO2-25-mol.  % GeO2 core optical fiber before (1) and after (2) UV irradiation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman spectra of the 75-mol.  % SiO2–25-mol.  % GeO2 optical fiber core before (1) and after (2) UV irradiation. Spectra are normalized on the intensity of the 800-cm-1 Raman band. Luminescence was subtracted from the spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Raman Bands and Their UV-Irradiation-Induced Changes

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