Abstract

Kerr-lens mode-locked Kr-laser-pumped Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers containing only two newly developed low-loss chirped mirrors instead of conventional dielectric resonator mirrors and generating pulses of widths as small as 14-fs with as much as 100  mW of average output power are reported. We report what is to our knowledge the first experimental observation of a pulse self-frequency shift in crystalline active media that are characteristic of such short pulses at megawatt intracavity peak powers. We also believe this phenomenon to be one of the significant limiting factors for pulse duration in femtosecond Cr:LiSAF-type lasers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. P. Dymott and A. P. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. H. Rizvi, P. M. W. French, and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 17, 1605 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Mellish, N. P. Barry, S. C. W. Hyde, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, Opt. Lett. 20, 2312 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.
  8. D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, W. Sibett, B. H. T. Chai, and A. Miller, Opt. Lett. 17, 1447 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.
  13. M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).
  15. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Martin, J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferenez, C. Spielmann, and F. Krauz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

1997 (3)

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1995 (3)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1989 (3)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

Barry, N. P.

Brovelli, L. R.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Cassanho, A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chai, B. H. T.

J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, W. Sibett, B. H. T. Chai, and A. Miller, Opt. Lett. 17, 1447 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dymott, M. J. P.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. P. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

Evans, J. M.

Ferencz, K.

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferenez, K.

Ferguson, A. I.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

Ferguson, A. P.

French, P. M. W.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Hyde, S. C. W.

Jenssen, H. P.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R.

Kamp, M.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Keller, U.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Krauz, F.

Kway, W.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.

J. Martin, J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mellish, R.

Miller, A.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Moser, M.

Newkirk, H.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Payne, S.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, A.

Pulker, H. K.

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rizvi, N. H.

Sibett, W.

Smith, L.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Sorokina, I.

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Szipöcs, R.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferenez, C. Spielmann, and F. Krauz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Valster, A.

van der Poel, C. J.

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Wintner, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

J. Martin, J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Opt. Eng. (1)

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (10)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the KLM Cr:LiSGaF/Cr:LiSAF lasers: OC, output coupler; HR, high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Different intracavity GDD's used in the experiments. The GDD spectra were measured before the experiments for the region 750–910  nm, i.e., around the cw wavelength of the laser. The strong spectral shift of the pulses was not anticipated at that moment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces and spectra of mode-locked Cr:LiSGaF/Cr:LiSAF lasers. The central wavelength λ0 is taken as the center of gravity of the spectrum. a, Typical 15-fs pulse (Cr:LiSAF, Pout70 mW). b, Shortest 14-fs pulse observed (Cr:LiSGaF, Pout100 mW). SHG, second-harmonic generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the output pulse spectrum on intracavity pulse energy. The pulse duration for this experiment was 15±1 fs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of output wavelength on pulse width. The data points correspond to approximately equal intracavity pulse energy of 50±5 nJ but with different output couplers and net intracavity GDD's. The dashed curve serves as a guide for the eye.

Metrics