Abstract

Kerr-lens mode-locked Kr-laser-pumped Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers containing only two newly developed low-loss chirped mirrors instead of conventional dielectric resonator mirrors and generating pulses of widths as small as 14-fs with as much as 100 mW of average output power are reported. We report what is to our knowledge the first experimental observation of a pulse self-frequency shift in crystalline active media that are characteristic of such short pulses at megawatt intracavity peak powers. We also believe this phenomenon to be one of the significant limiting factors for pulse duration in femtosecond Cr:LiSAF-type lasers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
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  9. J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, W. Sibett, B. H. T. Chai, and A. Miller, Opt. Lett. 17, 1447 (1992).
  10. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).
  11. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).
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  15. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).
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  18. K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).
  19. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferenez, C. Spielmann, and F. Krauz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
  20. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, Opt. Lett. 11, 659 (1986).
  21. H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

1997

1996

1995

R. Mellish, N. P. Barry, S. C. W. Hyde, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, C. J. van der Poel, and A. Valster, Opt. Lett. 20, 2312 (1995).

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).

M. J. P. Dymott and A. P. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

1994

1992

1989

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).

1986

Barry, N. P.

Brovelli, L. R.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Cassanho, A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Chai, B. H. T.

J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, W. Sibett, B. H. T. Chai, and A. Miller, Opt. Lett. 17, 1447 (1992).

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).

Chase, L.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Dymott, M. J. P.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. P. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).

Evans, J. M.

Ferencz, K.

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).

Ferenez, K.

Ferguson, A. I.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 20, 1157 (1995).

Ferguson, A. P.

French, P. M. W.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Hyde, S. C. W.

Jenssen, H. P.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Jones, R.

Kamp, M.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Keller, U.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 22, 621 (1997).

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Krauz, F.

Kway, W.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).

Martin, J.

J. Martin, J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1 (1986).

Mellish, R.

Miller, A.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Moser, M.

Newkirk, H.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Noginov, M. A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Payne, S.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).

Prasad, A.

Pulker, H. K.

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).

Rizvi, N. H.

Sibett, W.

Smith, L.

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Sorokina, I.

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Szipöcs, R.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krauz, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1259 (1996).

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferenez, C. Spielmann, and F. Krauz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).

Taylor, J. R.

Valster, A.

van der Poel, C. J.

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

Wintner, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Lett. 21, 1165 (1996).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Xu, L.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 245 (1997).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, and B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).

J. Appl. Phys.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and H. W. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and H. Newkirk, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

J. Mater. Sci.

J. Martin, J. Mater. Sci. 21, 1 (1986).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

H. A. Haus, I. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B “Raman-induced redshift of ultrashort mode-locked laser pulses” (to be published).

Laser Phys.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, M. A. Noginov, R. Szipöcs, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, Laser Phys. 7, 187 (1997).

Opt. Eng.

K. Ferencz and R. Szipöcs, Opt. Eng. 32, 2525 (1993).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. K. Pulker, Proc. SPIE 1019, 138 (1989).

Other

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, and U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 252.

M. J. P. Dymott and A. I. Ferguson, in Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), p. 251.

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