Abstract

A hybrid optical scheme for efficient hardware implementation of the one-dimensional, three-neighborhood binary cellular automata rule a<sub>i</sub><sup>?</sup> =a<sub>i-1</sub>XOR(a<sub>i</sub>OR a<sub>i+1</sub>) –based stream cipher is proposed. The system makes full use of the parallel, space-invariant, cascadable, and modular structure of the algorithm and is simple, robust, and compact. The number of cellular automata arrays can be as large as the number of pixels on the spatial light modulator, which results in an increase in speed (number of bits operated in parallel) and security (key length). The system can be made fully optical with the use of an optically addressable spatial light modulator for the input plane and for the nonlinear threshold element.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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