Abstract

Accurate measurements of the frequency response of the nonlinear refractive index induced by the combined effects of Kerr nonlinearity with electrostrictional excitation of acoustic waves in optical fibers are presented. A detailed experimental investigation of both standard (zero-dispersion wavelength, λ01.31 µm) and dispersion-shifted (λ0=1.55 µm) single-mode fibers showed the presence of several resonant peaks induced by the electrostrictive nonlinearity in the fiber structure. This investigation has provided better insight into the frequency behavior of the electrostriction-induced acoustic waves in optical fibers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).
  2. E. L. Buckland and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 22, 676 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).
  4. A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).
  5. D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.
  7. P. J. Hardman, P. D. Townsend, A. Poustie, and K. J. Blow, Opt. Lett. 21, 393 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

E. L. Buckland and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 22, 676 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Hardman, P. D. Townsend, A. Poustie, and K. J. Blow, Opt. Lett. 21, 393 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

1991 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

1985 (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).

Amato, L.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Andreasen, S. B.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Artiglia, M.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Boffi, P.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Boyd, R. W.

Buckland, E. L.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Espunes, F. P.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fellegara, A.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Gallion, P.

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hardman, P. J.

Jaouën, Y.

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

LeQuang, D.

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Luchnikov, A. V.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Martinelli, M.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Melloni, A.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Poustie, A.

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

Sacchetto, P.

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Starodumov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

Thomine, J. B.

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

Wabnitz, S.

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zimmerli, Y.

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Fellegara, M. Artiglia, S. B. Andreasen, A. Melloni, F. P. Espunes, and S. Wabnitz, Electron. Lett. 33, 1168 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. LeQuang, Y. Jaouën, Y. Zimmerli, P. Gallion, and J. B. Thomine, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 414 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (2)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, and A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, and A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

Other (2)

A. Fellegara, L. Amato, P. Sacchetto, P. Boffi, A. Melloni, and M. Martinelli, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol.  2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288, paper ThS4.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

600-m single-mode standard fiber: (a) theoretical calculations, (b) experimental results.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

600-m DS fiber: (a) theoretical calculations, (b) experimental results.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measurements of n˜2=bn2 on the Fibers under Test

Equations (2)

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ΔnΩ=ΔnKerrΩ+ΔnstrΩ,
ΔnstrΩ=ReA˜IΩn=1BnCnΩ/Γn2-Ωn/Γn2-2iΩ/Γn,

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