Abstract

A compact all-solid-state femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator–amplifier system using no grating-based pulse stretcher produces 20-fs, 1.5-mJ pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate. The pulses are subsequently compressed in a hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor. The system delivers bandwidth-limited 5-fs, 0.5-mJ pulses at 780  nm in a diffraction-limited beam.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Squier, F. Salin, G. Mourou, and D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 16, 324 (1991); J. D. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, and J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 16, 1001 (1991); K. Yamakawa, H. Siraga, Y. Kato, and C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 16, 1593 (1991); T. B. Norris, Opt. Lett. 17, 1009 (1992); J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, S. Kane, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18, 2044 (1993); C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, and B. E. Lemoff, Opt. Lett. 19, 1442 (1994); J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Cheriaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. P. Zhou, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 64 (1995); C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995); S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Dispersion control over 150  THz with chirped mirrors,” submitted to Opt. Lett.
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    [Crossref]
  9. A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997); A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. C. Rolland and P. B. Corkum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 641 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[Crossref]

Baltuska, A.

Burnett, N.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ferencz, K.

Harter, D.

Huang, C. P.

Kan, C.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Kapteyn, H. C.

Koppitsch, R.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Krausz, F.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995); S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Dispersion control over 150  THz with chirped mirrors,” submitted to Opt. Lett.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Lenzer, M.

Lenzner, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Rolland, C.

Salin, F.

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, A. J.

Schnürer, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995); S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Dispersion control over 150  THz with chirped mirrors,” submitted to Opt. Lett.

Squier, J.

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[Crossref]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[Crossref]

Szipöcs, R.

Tempea, G.

G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Dispersion control over 150  THz with chirped mirrors,” submitted to Opt. Lett.

Wei, Z.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wintner, E.

Wobrauschek, P.

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

Zhou, J. P.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bell. Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

J. Squier, F. Salin, G. Mourou, and D. Harter, Opt. Lett. 16, 324 (1991); J. D. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, and J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 16, 1001 (1991); K. Yamakawa, H. Siraga, Y. Kato, and C. P. J. Barty, Opt. Lett. 16, 1593 (1991); T. B. Norris, Opt. Lett. 17, 1009 (1992); J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, S. Kane, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18, 2044 (1993); C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, and B. E. Lemoff, Opt. Lett. 19, 1442 (1994); J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Cheriaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Zhou, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 64 (1995); C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lenzer, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995); S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 102 (1997); A. Baltuska, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Ch. Spielmann, N. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-fs laser pulses,” Science (to be published).

G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Dispersion control over 150  THz with chirped mirrors,” submitted to Opt. Lett.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the laser system. The beam heights at mirrors M1 and M2 are slightly different to realize the first four and the second four passes through the amplifier in slightly different planes for the best overlap with the pump beam. FI1, FI2, Faraday isolators; CM1-2, mirrors chirped for cubic and quartic phase control (see Fig.  2); PC, Pockels cell; B, Berek polarization compensator (Model  5540; New Focus); SF 57, heavy flint glass; P, polarizer; R, reflector for the residual pump beam transmitted through the crystal; P1–2, P3–4, Brewster-angled fused-silica prisms; L, lens with a focal length of f=1 m (antireflection coated at 780  nm); CM3-4, ultrabroad-band chirped mirrors (see Fig.  2). MDC, mirror dispersion controlled.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Group-delay dispersion versus frequency of chirped mirrors CM1-2 (solid curve, theory; triangles, measurement) and CM3-4 (dashed curve, theory; squares, measurement) in Fig.  1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of frequency spectra for pulses before (dashed curve) and after (solid curve) they pass through the argon-filled capillary described in the text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (solid curve) and calculated (points) IAC trace of the compressed pulses, yielding a pulse duration (FWHM) of 5.2  fs. The measurement was performed with an autocorrelator specially designed for the characterization of sub-10-fs pulses (FemtoMeter5; FemtoLasers GmbH). SH, second harmonic.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Far-field intensity profiles of the frequency-broadened output of the capillary with Gaussian fits (solid curves). (b) 1/e2 beam diameter versus distance from the exit port of the capillary. The evaluated values of the M2 parameter indicate that the beam is nearly diffraction limited.

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