Abstract

We document the lasing performance of a waveguiding layer of Ti:sapphire, of 12-µm thickness, grown by pulsed laser deposition from a 0.12–wt. % Ti2O3 Ti:sapphire single-crystal target onto an undoped z-cut sapphire substrate. Lasing around 800  nm is observed when the waveguide layer is pumped by an argon-ion laser running on all-blue-green lines, with an absorbed power threshold of 0.56  W, with high-reflectivity R>98% mirrors. With a 5% pump duty cycle and a T=35% output coupler, a slope efficiency of 26% with respect to absorbed power is obtained, giving quasi-cw output powers in excess of 350  mW.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. L. M. B. Hickey, A. A. Anderson, and J. S. Wilkinson, in Addendum to Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD6, pp. 1–4.
  4. A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.
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    [Crossref]
  7. D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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1997 (1)

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

W. R. Rapport and C. P. Khatak, Appl. Opt. 27, 2677 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1986 (3)

1985 (2)

M. J. F. Digonnet and C. J. Gaeta, Appl. Opt. 24, 333 (1985).
[Crossref]

G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, and J. J. Ewing, Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985).
[Crossref]

Aggarawal, R. L.

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (1986).
[Crossref]

Albers, P.

Albrecht, G. F.

G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, and J. J. Ewing, Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985).
[Crossref]

Anderson, A. A.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. M. B. Hickey, A. A. Anderson, and J. S. Wilkinson, in Addendum to Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD6, pp. 1–4.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Birnbaum, M.

Chambaz, B.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chandler, P. J.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chartier, I.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Eason, R. W.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Eggleston, J. M.

G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, and J. J. Ewing, Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ewing, J. J.

G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, and J. J. Ewing, Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985).
[Crossref]

Fahey, R. E.

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fotakis, C.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Gaeta, C. J.

Grivas, C.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Hanna, D. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hickey, L. M. B.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

L. M. B. Hickey, A. A. Anderson, and J. S. Wilkinson, in Addendum to Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD6, pp. 1–4.

Huber, G.

Jelinek, M.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Khatak, C. P.

Lane, D.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Large, A. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

McCallum, J.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

McHargue, C. W.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

Pelenc, D.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pertica, A. J.

Rapport, W. R.

Rogers, K.

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

Sanchez, A.

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (1986).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Stark, E.

Strass, A. J.

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (1986).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P. D.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Whu, L.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, J. S.

L. M. B. Hickey, A. A. Anderson, and J. S. Wilkinson, in Addendum to Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD6, pp. 1–4.

Wood, R. A.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wyon, C.

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ying, S.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Aggarwal, A. Sanchez, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strass, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1345 (1986).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. Whu, A. Wang, J. Wu, L. Wei, G. Zhu, and S. Ying, Electron. Lett. 31, 1151 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, R. A. Wood, L. Zhang, J. McCallum, and C. W. McHargue, Electron. Lett. 26, 1193 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Sanchez, A. J. Strass, R. L. Aggarawal, and R. E. Fahey, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 995 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

D. Pelenc, B. Chambaz, I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, C. Wyon, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, and A. C. Tropper, Opt. Commun. 115, 491 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. F. Albrecht, J. M. Eggleston, and J. J. Ewing, Opt. Commun. 52, 401 (1985).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, C. Grivas, D. Lane, K. Rogers, L. M. B. Hickey, and C. Fotakis, Thin Solid Films 300, 68 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. A. Anderson, R. W. Eason, M. Jelinek, L. M. B. Hickey, C. Grivas, C. Fotakis, K. Rogers, and D. Lane, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe, Hamburg, Germany, September 8–13, 1996.

L. M. B. Hickey, A. A. Anderson, and J. S. Wilkinson, in Addendum to Proceedings of the Eighth European Conference on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), paper PD6, pp. 1–4.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lasing spectrum obtained from the waveguide well above threshold, showing modulation owing to the etalon modes of the output coupling mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power characteristics for two output couplers. T is the nominal transmission.

Equations (1)

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Pth=hcλpumpτflηqσeδ2l1J,

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