Abstract

Injection locking is employed to narrow the spectrum linewidth of individual modes of an active mode-locked laser diode (ML-LD). The multiple modes of the injection-locked ML-LD lie over 3.0 THz with 25-GHz spacing at 30 dB down; their linewidth and stability, 25 MHz, are nearly the same as those of the master laser. We also demonstrate the accurate frequency measurement of laser diodes stabilized to molecular (H13C15N, C132H2) absorption lines by use of the injection-locked ML-LD.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.
  3. Correspondence Group Leader for G.mcs, Draft Recommendation G.mcs: Optical Interface for Multichannel Systems with Optical Amplifiers (International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, 1996), COM 15-282-E.
  4. M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.
  5. M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. R. Brothers, D. Lee, and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 19, 245 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2708 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (2)

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2708 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brothers, D. Lee, and N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 19, 245 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Awaji, Y.

Brothers, L. R.

Chernikov, S. V.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, Y.

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Labachelerie, M.

Gunning, P.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M. J.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hadama, H.

K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Iwashita, K.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kotaka, I.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2708 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Kuwano, S.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.

Lee, D.

Lucek, J. K.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, Y.

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

K. Nakagawa, M. de Labachelerie, Y. Awaji, and M. Kourogi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2708 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Okamoto, S.

K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, T.

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shin, C. H.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Siddiqui, A. S.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sueta, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.

Takada, A.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Wakita, K.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N. C.

Yamamoto, M.

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, S.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Kobayashi, T. Sueta, Y. Cho, and Y. Matsuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 341 (1972).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, K. Wakita, I. Kotaka, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, and A. Takada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Gunning, J. K. Lucek, D. G. Moodie, K. Smith, R. P. Davey, S. V. Chernikov, M. J. Guy, J. R. Taylor, and A. S. Siddiqui, Electron. Lett. 32, 1010 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Sato, S. Okamoto, and H. Hadama, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 12, 159 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, N. Takachio, and K. Iwashita, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper TuD6.

Correspondence Group Leader for G.mcs, Draft Recommendation G.mcs: Optical Interface for Multichannel Systems with Optical Amplifiers (International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, 1996), COM 15-282-E.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, C. H. Shin, M. Teshima, and M. Ohtsu, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CThR57.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. ATT is a variable attenuator. The frequency of the tunable laser was adjusted to 193.100 THz by a wavelength meter with ±30-MHz accuracy.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of the ML-LD in free-running and injection-locking states with a resolution bandwidth of 1.8 GHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beat note between the ML-LD and the frequency stabilized light source whose frequency of 193.107743 THz was locked to the absorption line P13 of H13C15N, under free-running and injection-locking conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Beat note between the injected tooth and the stabilized light source locked to absorption line P13 of H13C15N of 193.107743 THz and (b) beat note between the 25th tooth of the ML-LD and absorption line P24 of C132H2 of 193.7288 THz. The insets show the autocorrelated spectrum notes of the stabilized light sources measured by the delayed self-heterodyne method.11

Metrics