Abstract

We demonstrated traveling-wave atom–cavity interaction in the single-atom microlaser by tilting the atomic beam from its usual orientation of normal incidence with respect to the cavity mode. Laser-tuning curves, measured for various excitation pulse areas, are in good agreement with one-atom microlaser–maser theory.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. T. Jaynes and F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 81 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989); S. Haroche and J. Raimond, Sci. Am. 268(4), 54 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.
  7. K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Yang and K. An, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4492 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. I. Kolobov and F. Haake, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3033 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

C. Yang and K. An, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Kolobov and F. Haake, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3033 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989); S. Haroche and J. Raimond, Sci. Am. 268(4), 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1963 (1)

E. T. Jaynes and F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 81 (1963).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

C. Yang and K. An, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brecha, R. J.

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmichael, H. J.

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Childs, J. J.

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cummings, F. W.

E. T. Jaynes and F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 81 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Dasari, R. R.

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englert, B.-G.

H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feld, M. S.

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Filipowicz, P.

P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haake, F.

M. I. Kolobov and F. Haake, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3033 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989); S. Haroche and J. Raimond, Sci. Am. 268(4), 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Javanainen, J.

P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaynes, E. T.

E. T. Jaynes and F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 81 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, N.

G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleppner, D.

S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989); S. Haroche and J. Raimond, Sci. Am. 268(4), 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kolobov, M. I.

M. I. Kolobov and F. Haake, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3033 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meystre, P.

P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, G.

D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narducci, L. M.

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

Raithel, G.

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

Raizen, M. G.

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rempe, G.

G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

Thompson, R. J.

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, C.

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

Walther, H.

G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

Yang, C.

C. Yang and K. An, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

C. Yang and K. An, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Briegel, B.-G. Englert, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 54, 3603 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Kolobov and F. Haake, Phys. Rev. A 55, 3033 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Filipowicz, J. Javanainen, and P. Meystre, Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

G. Rempe, H. Walther, and N. Klein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 353 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Raizen, R. J. Thompson, R. J. Brecha, H. J. Kimble, and H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 240 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meschede, H. Walther, and G. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 551 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. An, J. J. Childs, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994); K. An and M. S. Feld, Phys. Rev. A 52, 1691 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. Haroche and D. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989); S. Haroche and J. Raimond, Sci. Am. 268(4), 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

E. T. Jaynes and F. W. Cummings, Proc. IEEE 51, 81 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Raithel, C. Wagner, H. Walther, L. M. Narducci, and M. O. Scully, in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, P. Berman, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), and references therein.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: M1, M2, supercavity mirrors; θ, angular tilt of the atomic beam; A, atomic beam; E, excitation field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transition from standing-wave to traveling-wave interaction. Microlaser output intensity photocounts are measured as a function of cavity–atom detuning for various atomic-beam tilt angles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detailed plots of microlaser output versus cavity–atom detuning at a large atomic-beam tilt θ10 mrad with N fixed 0.5. (a) Pump laser optimized for the largest peak signal, which occurs when the pulse area of the excitation field is 0.7π for the mean thermal atomic velocity, (b) excitation pulse area reduced by a factor of 2 from that of (a), (c) velocity distribution of the atomic beam measured inside the cavity.

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