Abstract

We demonstrate a novel all-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter based on coupling to cladding modes in a single-mode fiber. The device has the advantage of low loss (<0.1 dB) and low polarization dependence. By coupling input light to multiple cladding modes by use of multiple acoustic waves, we achieved an electronically controllable variable spectral profile without a significant coherent cross-talk problem.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. F. Wysocki, N. Park, and D. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 21, 1744 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. H. Yun, I. K. Kwang, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 21, 27 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 389 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. H. Yun, B. K. Kim, H. J. Jeong, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 21, 908 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (6)

S. H. Yun, I. K. Kwang, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 21, 27 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, N. Park, and D. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 21, 1744 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun, B. K. Kim, H. J. Jeong, and B. Y. Kim, Opt. Lett. 21, 908 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Bao, Z.

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bayart, D.

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beylat, J. L.

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blake, J. N.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 389 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clesca, B.

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, C. R.

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D.

P. F. Wysocki, N. Park, and D. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 21, 1744 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Engan, H. E.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 389 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fukutoku, M.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hamon, L.

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iwashita, K.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H. J.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

Kim, B. Y.

Kuwano, S.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kwang, I. K.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oda, K.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pannell, C. N.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, N. Park, and D. DiGiovanni, Opt. Lett. 21, 1744 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pedrazzani, R.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, Opt. Lett. 11, 389 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. A.

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tian, F.

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walker, K.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P.

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

Yoshida, S.

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Zou, X. Y.

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Yoshida, S. Kuwano, and K. Iwashita, Electron. Lett. 31, 1765 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. Bayart, B. Clesca, L. Hamon, and J. L. Beylat, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 613 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, P. Wysocki, R. Pedrazzani, S. Grubb, D. DiGiovanni, and K. Walker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Huang, X. Y. Zou, A. E. Willner, Z. Bao, and D. A. Smith, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 389 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and C. N. Pannell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 725 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Tian and H. Herrmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a novel all-fiber acousto-optic tunable filter. PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectrum for a unpolarized broadband source, showing coupling to three different cladding modes [LP11cl, LP12cl, and LP13cl] at an acoustic frequency of 2.33  MHz. Insets, far-field radiation patterns of the cladding modes. (b) Measured () and calculated (—) center wavelengths of notches as a function of acoustic frequency for couplings to three different cladding modes. Res., resolution.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured transmission for two eigenpolarization states of input light at λ=1530 nm as a function of acoustic frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Performance comparison of the conventional method using only two modes [(a) filter profile and (b) output signal] with our novel multifrequency operation using multiple modes [(c) filter profile and (d) output signal]. GND, electrical ground.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variable spectral profile of the AOTF: two examples are demonstrated with different spectral tilt coefficients.

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